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Arbeitnehmerfreizügigkeit und Finanzkrise: Reagieren Migrationsströme tatsächlich nicht auf asymmetrische Schocks?

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  • Brücker, Herbert

Abstract

Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Auswirkungen der Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise auf die Migration in Europa und nach Deutschland. Häufig wird argumentiert, dass die Arbeitsmobilität in Europa gering sei und sie folglich keinen Beitrag zur Absorbtion asymmetrischer Schocks leisten kann. Tatsächlich ist die internationale Migration von Staatsbürgern aus den Krisenstaaten in die weniger von der Krise betroffenen Staaten der Eurozone und die sonstigen Mitgliedsstaaten der EU gering. Dafür kann eine Umlenkung der Migrationsströme aus den neuen Mitgliedsstaaten der EU von den Krisenstaaten in Länder mit vergleichsweise günstigen Wirtschafts- und Arbeitsmarktbedingungen beobachtet werden, allen voran nach Deutschland. Neue Schätzverfahren, die systematisch den Einfluss wirtschaftlicher Variablen in alternativen Zielländern berücksichtigen, zeigen, dass der überwiegende Anteil des Anstiegs der Migration nach Deutschland auf die Verschlechterung der wirtschaftlichen Bedingungen in anderen Zielländern zurückzuführen ist. Damit ist der Beitrag der internationalen Arbeitsmobilität zur Absorbtion asymmetrischer Schocks größer als er auf den ersten Blick erscheint.

Suggested Citation

  • Brücker, Herbert, 2014. "Arbeitnehmerfreizügigkeit und Finanzkrise: Reagieren Migrationsströme tatsächlich nicht auf asymmetrische Schocks?," Beiträge zur Jahrestagung 2014 (Goettingen) 107395, Verein für Socialpolitik, Ausschuss für Wirtschaftssysteme und Institutionenökonomik.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vswi14:107395
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    References listed on IDEAS

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