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City Competition for the Creative Class

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  • Buettner, T
  • Janeba, Eckhard

Abstract

Considering data for individual earnings we show that the local subsidization of cultural activities in Germany exerts effects on the wage distribution in the sense that these subsidies tend to reduce the wage gap between those with higher and less education. These findings motivate a theoretical analysis which explains the effects of subsidies in terms of a cross-sectional capitalization into the earnings of the immobile factor. In the theoretical model, the local government is focusing on improving the economic conditions faced by immobile residents. In this context, subsidization of cultural activities is discussed as a form of local public goods provision which makes a city more attractive to highly educated individuals who capture the rents from the production process. The theoretical analysis shows that inter-jurisdictional competition for the highly educated introduces a distortion of public goods provision, in the sense that uncoordinated policies lead to an inefficiently large supply of the public good. Our results suggest that since German local governments are prevented from adjusting their tax structure in a way that meets the efficiency requirements under fiscal competition, they resort to extending the supply of cultural activities through public subsidization.

Suggested Citation

  • Buettner, T & Janeba, Eckhard, 2013. "City Competition for the Creative Class," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79838, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc13:79838
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Batabyal, Amitrajeet & Nijkamp, Peter, 2018. "Creative Capital, Information and Communication Technologies, and Economic Growth in Smart Cities," MPRA Paper 83952, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Batabyal, Amitrajeet & Yoo, Seung Jick, 2017. "Schumpeterian Creative Class Competition, Innovation Policy, and Regional Economic Growth," MPRA Paper 83891, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Norbert Hiller & Oliver Lerbs, 2015. "The capitalization of non-market attributes into regional housing rents and wages: evidence on German functional labor market areas," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 35(1), pages 49-72, February.
    4. Oliver Falck & Michael Fritsch & Stephan Heblich & Anne Otto, 2015. "Music in the Air: Estimating the Social Return to Cultural Amenities," CESifo Working Paper Series 5183, CESifo Group Munich.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies

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