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Exports and new products in China - A generalized propensity score approach with firm-to-firm spillovers

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  • Gong, Yundan
  • Hanley, Aoife

Abstract

Underpinning China's technological advancement are the twin-engines of exports and innovation. To better understand China's meteoric economic transformation, we explore the extent to which new products are triggered by exports (direct effects) and by exposure to other exporters (indirect effects). Our methodology (generalized propensity score model) tackles two sources of selectivity bias - at the level of the firm and neighbourhood. Given that production is highly specialized and localized, it would be unusual if firms failed to learn from exposure to local exporters. Our findings reveal an overwhelmingly positive direct effect of exports on new product introductions. Also, a more modest spillover effect. Interestingly, firms with a reduced need to innovate (processing exporters) can also appropriate export spillovers. Our findings have implications for other developing countries seeking to maximise exporting in economic clusters, promoting innovation and ultimately growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Gong, Yundan & Hanley, Aoife, 2021. "Exports and new products in China - A generalized propensity score approach with firm-to-firm spillovers," KCG Working Papers 24, Kiel Centre for Globalization (KCG).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:kcgwps:24
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    export and innovation; export spillovers; Generalized Propensity Score;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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