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Die Auswirkungen des Gründungsgeschehens auf das regionale Wirtschaftswachstum

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  • Dienes, Christian
  • Schneck, Stefan
  • Wolter, Hans-Jürgen

Abstract

Die vorliegende Studie untersucht den Einfluss des Gründungsgeschehens auf die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung. Hierfür wurden die 402 deutschen Kreise und kreisfreien Städte betrachtet. Dabei zeigt sich, dass Kreise mit hohen Gründungsraten nicht automatisch ein höheres Wachstum generieren. Zwar wirken sich Markteintritte junger Unternehmen grundsätzlich positiv auf die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung aus. Dieser Effekt wird bei höheren Startup-Raten aber immer geringer und kann sich schließlich sogar ins Negative umkehren. Vor diesem Hintergrund ist eine spezielle Gründungsförderung nicht per se falsch. Sie wird aber häufig wenig wirksam sein, da sie auch dann gewährt wird, wenn von weiteren Gründungen kaum noch positive Wachstumsimpulse ausgehen. Im Zweifelsfall sollte daher der Schaffung wirtschaftsfreundlicher Rahmenbedingungen der Vorrang vor speziellen Gründungsförderungsprogrammen gegeben werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Dienes, Christian & Schneck, Stefan & Wolter, Hans-Jürgen, 2018. "Die Auswirkungen des Gründungsgeschehens auf das regionale Wirtschaftswachstum," IfM-Materialien 270, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifmmat:270
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gründungsgeschehen; Wachstum; Wettbewerb; Kreisdaten; entrepreneurial activity; growth; competition; district data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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