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Identification of Local Industrial Clusters in Germany


  • Thomas Brenner


Brenner T. (2006) Identification of local industrial clusters in Germany, Regional Studies 40, 1-14. This paper presents a method that allows local industrial clusters to be identified and applies this method to Germany. The method is applied to all three-digit manufacturing industries in Germany. The results are used in two ways. First, they provide some information about which industries are clustering, and which are not. Second, a complete list of all local clusters that existed in Germany in 2001 and are identified by this method is given. The spatial distribution of these local clusters in Germany is discussed in the light of other studies on Germany. Brenner T. (2006) L'identification des grappes industrielles locales en Allemagne, Regional Studies 40, 1-14. Cet article cherche a presenter une methode qui permet l'identification des grappes industrielles locales et son application a l'Allemagne. La methode se voit appliquer a toute industrie manufacturiere a trois chiffres en Allemagne. On emploie les resultats a deux temps. Dans un premier temps, ils fournissent des renseignements a propos des industries qui se regroupent et de celles qui ne le font pas. Dans un deuxieme temps, ils fournissent une liste detaillee de toutes les grappes locales qui existaient en Allemagne en 2001 et qui sont identifiees de cette facon. On discute de la distribution geographique de ces grappes locales en Allemagne a la lumiere d'autres etudes sur l'Allemagne. Grappes industrielles locales, Etude industrielle, Agglomeration geographique, Methodologie empirique Brenner T. (2006) Eine Identifizierung ortlich begrenzter Industriecluster in Deutschland, Regional Studies 40, 1-14. Dieser Aufsatz stellt eine Methode vor, die gestattet, ortlich begrenzte Industriecluster zu identifizieren, und wendet diese Methode auf Deutschland an. Sie wird auf alle dreistelligen herstellenden Branchen des Landes angewandt. Die Ergebnisse konnen auf zweierlei Weise angewandt werden: zunachst geben sie Auskunft daruber, welche Industrien Cluster bilden und welche nicht. Sodann wird die vollstandige Liste aller ortlich begrenzter Cluster vorgelegt, die im Jahre 2001 in Deutschland bestanden und mit Hilfe dieser Methode identifiziert werden konnen. Die raumliche Verteilung dieser ortlich begrenzten Cluster in Deutschland wird im Lichte anderer Untersuchungen uber Deutschland diskutiert. Ortlich begrenzte Industriecluster, Untersuchung der Industrie, Raumliche Ballung, Empirische Methodik Brenner T. (2006) Identificacion de agrupaciones industriales locales en Alemania, Regional Studies 40, 1-14. En este articulo presento un metodo para poder identificar las agrupaciones industriales de ambito local que aplico a Alemania. Este metodo se emplea a todas las industrias manufactureras de tres digitos. Se utilizan los resultados de dos modos: Primero, dan informacion sobre que industrias se agrupan y cuales no. Segundo, se hace una lista completa de todas las agrupaciones locales que existian en Alemania en 2001 y se identifican mediante este metodo. Se analiza la distribucion espacial de estas agrupaciones locales alemanas teniendo en cuenta otros estudios en Alemania. Agrupaciones industriales locales, Estudio de la industria, Glomeracion espacial, Metodologia empirica

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Brenner, 2006. "Identification of Local Industrial Clusters in Germany," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(9), pages 991-1004.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:9:p:991-1004
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400601047408

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Guy Dumais & Glenn Ellison & Edward L. Glaeser, 2002. "Geographic Concentration As A Dynamic Process," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 193-204, May.
    2. Ellison, Glenn & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 889-927, October.
    3. Edward L. Glaeser & Glenn Ellison, 1999. "The Geographic Concentration of Industry: Does Natural Advantage Explain Agglomeration?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 311-316, May.
    4. Rolf Sternberg & Christine Tamasy, 1999. "Munich as Germany's No. 1 High Technology Region: Empirical Evidence, Theoretical Explanations and the Role of Small Firm/Large Firm Relationships," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 367-377.
    5. Rolf Sternberg & Timo Litzenberger, 2004. "Regional clusters in Germany--their geography and their relevance for entrepreneurial activities," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(6), pages 767-791, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stefania Vitali & Mauro Napoletano & Giorgio Fagiolo, 2013. "Spatial Localization in Manufacturing: A Cross-Country Analysis," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(9), pages 1534-1554, October.
    2. Christoph Alfken & Tom Broekel & Rolf Sternberg, 2015. "Factors Explaining the Spatial Agglomeration of the Creative Class: Empirical Evidence for German Artists," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(12), pages 2438-2463, December.
    3. Reinhold Kosfeld & Mirko Titze, 2014. "Benchmark Value Added Chains and Regional Clusters in German R&D Intensive Industries," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1396, European Regional Science Association.
    4. Axel Schaffer & Jochen Siegele, 2008. "Regionale Potentiale – Bedeutung und Nutzung von Potentialfaktoren in den NUTS 3 Regionen Deutschlands und Österreichs," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 28(2), pages 109-132, September.
    5. Tullio Buccellato & Giancarlo Corò, 2018. "Structural change and convergence across European regions," Working Papers 2018:16, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
    6. repec:bla:presci:v:96:y:2017:i:1:p:139-162 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Bottazzi, Giulio & Dosi, Giovanni & Fagiolo, Giorgio & Secchi, Angelo, 2008. "Sectoral and geographical specificities in the spatial structure of economic activities," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 189-202, September.
    8. Dienes, Christian & Schneck, Stefan & Wolter, Hans-Jürgen, 2018. "Die Auswirkungen des Gründungsgeschehens auf das regionale Wirtschaftswachstum," IfM-Materialien 270, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    9. Thomas Brenner, 2017. "Identification of Clusters - An Actor based Approach," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2017-02, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    10. Matthias Duschl & Thomas Brenner, 2013. "Characteristics of regional industry-specific employment growth rates' distributions," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 92(2), pages 249-270, June.
    11. Lutz Eigenhüller & Nicole Litzel & Stefan Fuchs, 2015. "Who with whom: Co-operation activities in a cluster region," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 94(3), pages 469-497, August.
    12. Tom Broekel & Thomas Brenner, 2011. "Regional factors and innovativeness: an empirical analysis of four German industries," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 47(1), pages 169-194, August.
    13. Giulio Bottazzi & Pietro Dindo, 2013. "Globalizing Knowledge: How Technological Openness Affects Output, Spatial Inequality, And Welfare Levels," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(4), pages 631-655, October.
    14. Jappe-Heinze, Arlette & Baier, Elisabeth & Kroll, Henning, 2008. "Clusterpolitik: Kriterien für die Evaluation von regionalen Clusterinitiativen," Working Papers "Firms and Region" R3/2008, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).
    15. Reinhold Kosfeld & Mirko Titze, 2014. "Benchmark Value Added Chains and Regional Clusters in German R&D Intensive Industries," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201437, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    16. Thomas Brenner & Andreas Gildner, 2006. "Long-term Implications of Local Industrial Clusters," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2006-08, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    17. Matthias Duschl & Thomas Brenner, 2011. "Characteristics of Regional Industry-specific Employment Growth – Empirical Evidence for Germany," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2011-07, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    18. Jaime Del Castillo & Jonatan Paton, 2011. "Cluster identification and analysis: Four regional cases in Spain," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1835, European Regional Science Association.
    19. Pablo Martí, Federico & Arauzo Carod, Josep Maria, 2010. "Spatial distribution of economic activities: an empirical approach usingself-organizing maps," Working Papers 2072/148482, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    20. Mirko Titze & Matthias Brachert & Hans-Ulrich Brautzsch, 2011. "Mapping Local and Regional Potentials for Inter-sectoral Technology Flows in Industrial Clusters – Empirical Results for Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa11p660, European Regional Science Association.


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