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Munich as Germany's No. 1 High Technology Region: Empirical Evidence, Theoretical Explanations and the Role of Small Firm/Large Firm Relationships


  • Rolf Sternberg
  • Christine Tamasy


STERNBERG R. and TAMASY C. (1999) Munich as Germany's no. 1 high technology region: empirical evidence, theoretical explanations and the role of small firm/large firm relationships, Reg. Studies 33 , 367-377 . This paper verifies Munich's firstrate performance among all German regions based on numerous indicators of R&D intensity, discusses the causes for Munich's rise to become a high technology region and analyses the role of Siemens as a large firm within the innovative environment of the region particularly concerning its connections to R&D-intensive small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). A survey of Munich's R&D-intensive SMEs shows that Siemens positively influences the innovative milieu. However, Siemens does not dominate the SMEs so strongly that a one-sided dependency threatens them; rather, they enjoy diverse and intraregional co-operation in innovation. STERNBERG R. et TAMASY C. (1999) Munich, la premiere technopole allemande: des preuves empiriques, des explications theoriques et l'importance de la relation entre les petites et les grandes entreprises, Reg. Studies 33 , 367-377 . A partir de nombreux indices de l'importance de la R et D, cet article cherche a verifier l'excellente performance de Munich par rapport aux autres regions allemandes. En outre, on discute des facteurs qui expliquent l'essor de Munich au rang de technopole et analyse le role de Siemens en tant que grande entreprise au sein du technopole de la region, surtout pour ce qui est de ses relations avec des PME a fort niveau de R et D. Une enquete menee aupres des PME a fort niveau de R et D laisse voir que Siemens exerce une influence importante sur le technopole. Toujours est-il que Siemens ne domine pas les PME au point que ces dernieres se voient menacer d'une dependance desequilibree; pluto ⁁t, elles jouissent d'une cooperation variee et intraregionale dans le domaine de l'innovation. STERNBERG R. und TAMASY C. (1999) Mu ¨nchen als Deutschlands Spitzenregion fu ¨r Hochtechnologie: empirische Belege, theoretische Erkla ¨rungen und die Rolle der Beziehungen zwischen kleinen und grossen Firmen, Reg. Studies 33 , 367-377 . Dieser Aufsatz besta ¨tigt die Spitzenstellung Mu ¨nchens unter allen deutschen Regionen auf der Grundlage zahlreicher Indikatoren der Intensita ¨t von Forschung und Entwicklung, untersucht die Gru ¨nde fu ¨r Mu ¨nchens Aufstieg zu einer Hochtechnologieregion und analysiert die Rolle von Siemens als einer grossen Firma innerhalb des innovativen Milieus der Region, besonders im Hinblick auf ihre Verbindungen mit forschungs-und entwicklungsintensiven kleinen und mittlerenUnternehmen. Eine allgemeine U¨ bersicht u ¨ber Mu ¨nchens forschungs-und entwicklungsintensiven kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen zeigt, dass Siemens das innovative Milieu positiv beeinflusst. Andererseits beherrscht Siemens die kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen nicht so stark, dass ihnen eine einseitige Abha ¨ngigkeit droht; vielmehr besitzen diese vielfa ¨ltige und zu einem hohen Mass intraregionale Innovationskooperationen.

Suggested Citation

  • Rolf Sternberg & Christine Tamasy, 1999. "Munich as Germany's No. 1 High Technology Region: Empirical Evidence, Theoretical Explanations and the Role of Small Firm/Large Firm Relationships," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(4), pages 367-377.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:33:y:1999:i:4:p:367-377
    DOI: 10.1080/713693560

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Elizabeth Garnsey, 1998. "The Genesis of the High Technology Milieu: A Study in Complexity," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(3), pages 361-377, September.
    2. S J Appold, 1998. "Labor-Market Imperfections and the Agglomeration of Firms: Evidence from the Emergent Period of the US Semiconductor Industry," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 30(3), pages 439-462, March.
    3. S J Appold, 1998. "Labor-market imperfections and the agglomeration of firms: evidence from the emergent period of the US semiconductor industry?," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 30(3), pages 439-462, March.
    4. Rolf Sternberg, 1999. "Innovative Linkages and Proximity: Empirical Results from Recent Surveys of Small and Medium Sized Firms in German Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(6), pages 529-540.
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    Cited by:

    1. Leydesdorff, Loet & Fritsch, Michael, 2006. "Measuring the knowledge base of regional innovation systems in Germany in terms of a Triple Helix dynamics," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 1538-1553, December.
    2. Dohse, Dirk, 2002. "The geography of new market firms in Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa02p199, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Sternberg, Rolf & Wagner, Joachim, 2002. "The role of the regional milieu for the decision to start a new firm: Empirical evidence for Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa02p396, European Regional Science Association.
    4. repec:iab:iabmit:v:34:i:2:p:139-151 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Wilson, David & Souitaris, Vangelis, 2002. "Do Germany's federal and land governments (still) co-ordinate their innovation policies?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(7), pages 1123-1140, September.
    6. Acosta, Manuel & Coronado, Daniel, 2003. "Science-technology flows in Spanish regions: An analysis of scientific citations in patents," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1783-1803, December.
    7. Acosta, Manuel & Coronado, Daniel & Martínez, M. Ángeles, 2012. "Spatial differences in the quality of university patenting: Do regions matter?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 692-703.
    8. Thomas Brenner & André Mühlig, 2007. "Factors and Mechanisms Causing the Emergence of Local Industrial Clusters - A Meta-Study of 159 Cases," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2007-23, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    9. Stahlecker, Thomas & Koch, Andreas, 2004. "On the significance of economic structure and regional innovation systems for the foundation of knowledge-intensive business services," Working Papers "Firms and Region" R1/2004, Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI).
    10. Tödtling, Franz & Trippl, Michaela & Lengauer, Lukas, 2008. "Towards regional knowledge economics. Routes and policy options," SRE-Discussion Papers 266, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    11. Benner, Maximilian, 2009. "What do we know about clusters? In search of effective cluster policies," MPRA Paper 43848, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2009.
    12. Thomas Brenner, 2006. "Identification of Local Industrial Clusters in Germany," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(9), pages 991-1004.
    13. Ibert, Oliver, 2004. "Projects and firms as discordant complements: organisational learning in the Munich software ecology," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(10), pages 1529-1546, December.
    14. Dariusz Wojcik, 2002. "The La¨nder are the Building Blocks of the German Capital Market," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(8), pages 877-895.
    15. Dirk Dohse & Sven-Christian Steude, 2003. "Concentration, Coagglomeration and Spillovers: The Geography of New Market Firms in Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa03p230, European Regional Science Association.


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