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What do we know about clusters? In search of effective cluster policies

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  • Benner, Maximilian

Abstract

Geographical clusters are in the focus of a large breadth of literature and have been discovered as a preferred policy tool by policymakers around the world. The vast literature suggests differing explanations for the advantages clusters offer to constituent firms. Yet not all of these explanations have been empirically confirmed. Before cluster policy can act as a reliable tool for economic policy, there must be a certain degree of clarity about what kind of advantages a cluster can bring to constituent firms. Therefore, the following article reviews different explanations of cluster advantages from the literature. Its aim is to identify concrete mechanisms through which these advantages materialize. On the basis of these mechanisms the article identifies questions in cluster theory that are still open and defines steps for further research to develop a comprehensive theory of cluster policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Benner, Maximilian, 2009. "What do we know about clusters? In search of effective cluster policies," MPRA Paper 43848, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43848
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    Cited by:

    1. Benner, Maximilian, 2012. "Clusterwettbewerbe: Eine Option für Entwicklungsländer?
      [Cluster competitions: An option for developing countries?]
      ," MPRA Paper 40743, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Cluster policy in developing countries," MPRA Paper 44257, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Towards a policy to promote tourism clusters," MPRA Paper 43924, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Benner, Maximilian, 2012. "Cluster Policy: Principles and a Toolbox," MPRA Paper 43847, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Benner, Maximilian, 2013. "Designing Comprehensive Cluster Policies in Developing Countries: Perspectives for Morocco," MPRA Paper 49594, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Benner, Maximilian & Bieringer, Lukas & Knaupp, Matthias & Wittemaier, Jana & Wruck, Adrian, 2016. "Towards a Smart Specialization Strategy for Haifa, Israel," MPRA Paper 73299, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Maximilian Benner, 2012. "Cluster Policy as a Development Strategy. Case Studies from the Middle East and North Africa," Working Paper Series in Economics 255, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    clusters; cluster theory; cluster policy; agglomeration; increasing returns to scale;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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