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Social Assimilation and Labor Market Outcomes of Migrants in China

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  • Cai, Shu
  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

Abstract

Previous research has found identity to be relevant for international migration, but has neglected internal mobility as in the case of the Great Chinese Migration. However, the context of the identities of migrants and their adaption in the migration process is likely to be quite different. The gap is closed by examining social assimilation and the effect on the labor market outcomes of migrants in China, the country with the largest record of internal mobility. Using instrumental variable estimation, the study finds that identifying as local residents significantly increase migrants' hourly wages and reduce hours worked, although their monthly earnings remained barely changed. Further findings suggest that migrants with strong local identity are more likely to use local networks in job search, and to obtain jobs with higher average wages and lower average hours worked per day.

Suggested Citation

  • Cai, Shu & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2020. "Social Assimilation and Labor Market Outcomes of Migrants in China," GLO Discussion Paper Series 716, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:716
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    Cited by:

    1. Xinjie Shi, 2022. "Moving out but not for the better: Health consequences of interprovincial rural‐urban migration in China," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(4), pages 555-573, April.
    2. Christopher Prömel, 2022. "Belonging or Estrangement – The European Refugee Crisis and its Effects on Immigrant Identity," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 1160, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    3. García-Suaza, A & Gallego, J. M. & Mayorga, J. D. & Mondragón-Mayo, A. & Sepúlveda, C. & Sarango, A., 2022. "COVID-19 and assimilation: an analysis of immigration from Venezuelan in Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo 020417, Universidad del Rosario.
    4. Piracha, Matloob & Tani, Massimiliano & Cheng, Zhiming & Wang, Ben Zhe, 2021. "Ethnic identity and immigrants' labour market outcomes," GLO Discussion Paper Series 767, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    5. Prömel, Christopher, 2021. "Belonging or estrangement: The European refugee crisis and its effects on immigrant identity," Discussion Papers 2021/16, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social assimilation; identity; labor market; migration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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