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Does Pre-School Improve Child Development and Affect the Quality of Parent-Child Interaction? Evidence from Algeria

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  • Lassassi, Moundir

Abstract

This paper investigates the impact of attending early childcare on the quality of parent–child interactions and children’s cognitive outcomes. My identification strategy exploits geographical differences in terms of exposure to the program, controlling for the period when the program is implemented across Algerian municipalities as an instrument for individual early childcare attendance. I estimate 2SLS regression analysis and employ a difference-in-difference strategy. I use two Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys conducted in 2006 and 2012. I find a positive effect of preschool on the cognitive development of children. In turn, the effect is only significant for mother with negative effect on the interaction between mother and children, which means that there is a substitution effect, mother use this time to do something else. These findings call for future research on parents’, especially mother’s, time use when their children attend early childcare.

Suggested Citation

  • Lassassi, Moundir, 2020. "Does Pre-School Improve Child Development and Affect the Quality of Parent-Child Interaction? Evidence from Algeria," GLO Discussion Paper Series 557, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:557
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Childcare; Cognitive skills; Family–child interaction; Time use; two stage least squares; Difference-in-difference;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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