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Immigration and the Reallocation of Work Health Risks

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  • Giuntella, Osea
  • Mazzonna, Fabrizio
  • Nicodemo, Catia
  • Vargas-Silva, Carlos

Abstract

This paper studies the effects of immigration on the allocation of occupational physical burden and work injury risks. Using data for England and Wales from the Labour Force Survey (2003-2013), we find that, on average, immigration leads to a reallocation of UK-born workers towards jobs characterized by lower physical burden and injury risk. The results also show important differences across skill groups. Immigration reduces the average physical burden of UK-born workers with medium levels of education, but has no significant effect on those with low levels. We also find that that immigration led to an improvement selfreported measures of native workers’ health. These findings, together with the evidence that immigrants report lower injury rates than natives, suggest that the reallocation of tasks could reduce overall health care costs and the human and financial costs typically associated with workplace injuries.

Suggested Citation

  • Giuntella, Osea & Mazzonna, Fabrizio & Nicodemo, Catia & Vargas-Silva, Carlos, 2018. "Immigration and the Reallocation of Work Health Risks," GLO Discussion Paper Series 215, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:215
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    Cited by:

    1. Wen Chen & Qi Zhang & Andre M.N. Renzaho & Li Ling, 2019. "The Disparity in Mental Health Between Two Generations of Internal Migrants (IMs) in China: Evidence from A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Study," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 16(14), pages 1-15, July.
    2. Wittmer, Josie, 2021. "“We live and we do this work”: Women waste pickers’ experiences of wellbeing in Ahmedabad, India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 140(C).
    3. Cristina Bellés-Obrero & Nicolau Martin Bassols & Judit Vall Castello, 2021. "Safety at work and immigration," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 34(1), pages 167-221, January.
    4. Bond, Timothy N. & Giuntella, Osea & Lonsky, Jakub, 2020. "Immigration and Work Schedules: Theory and Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 13236, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Isabel Ruiz & Carlos Vargas‐Silva, 2018. "The impact of hosting refugees on the intra‐household allocation of tasks: A gender perspective," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(4), pages 1461-1488, November.
    6. Rania Gihleb & Osea Giuntella & Luca Stella & Tianyi Wang, 2020. "Industrial Robots, Workers’ Safety, and Health," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 1107, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    7. Galbis, Eva Moreno, 2020. "Differences in work conditions between natives and immigrants: preferences vs. outside employment opportunities," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 130(C).
    8. Giuntella, Osea & Lonsky, Jakub, 2020. "The effects of DACA on health insurance, access to care, and health outcomes," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    9. Bettin, Giulia & Sacchi, Agnese, 2020. "Health spending in Italy: The impact of immigrants," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    10. Colantone, Italo & Crinò, Rosario & Ogliari, Laura, 2019. "Globalization and mental distress," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 181-207.
    11. Jakub Lonsky, 0. "Does immigration decrease far-right popularity? Evidence from Finnish municipalities," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 0, pages 1-43.
    12. Christian Gunadi, 2020. "Immigration and the Health of U.S. Natives," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 86(4), pages 1278-1306, April.
    13. Olubukola Oduntan & Ian Ruthven, 2021. "People and places: Bridging the information gaps in refugee integration," Journal of the Association for Information Science & Technology, Association for Information Science & Technology, vol. 72(1), pages 83-96, January.
    14. Escarce, José J. & Rocco, Lorenzo, 2021. "Effect of immigration on depression among older natives in Western Europe," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 20(C).
    15. Aygün, Aysun & Güray Kırdar, Murat & Tuncay, Berna, 2021. "The effect of hosting 3.4 million refugees on native population mortality," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C).
    16. Lonsky, Jakub, 2020. "Does Immigration Decrease Far-Right Popularity? Evidence from Finnish Municipalities," GLO Discussion Paper Series 540, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    17. Alacevich, Caterina & Nicodemo, Catia, 2019. "Immigration and Work-Related Injuries: Evidence from Italian Administrative Data," IZA Discussion Papers 12510, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    18. Peter Howley & Muhammad Waqas & Mirko Moro & Liam Delaney & Tony Heron, 2020. "It’s Not All about the Economy Stupid! Immigration and Subjective Well-Being in England," Work, Employment & Society, British Sociological Association, vol. 34(5), pages 919-936, October.
    19. Jakub Lonsky, 2021. "Does immigration decrease far-right popularity? Evidence from Finnish municipalities," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 34(1), pages 97-139, January.
    20. Dillender, Marcus & McInerney, Melissa, 2020. "The role of Mexican immigration to the United States in improved workplace safety for natives from 1980 to 2015," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Immigration; labor-market; physical burden; work-related injuries; health;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General

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