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Betriebliche Ausbildung als kollektives Phänomen

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  • Niederalt, Michael

Abstract

Das Ausbildungsgeschehen in Deutschland lässt sich als kollektive Handlung betrachten. Zur Überwindung des grundsätzlich vorliegenden Trittbrettfahrerproblems tragen Betriebe, die unabhängig von ihrem Fachkräftebedarf rentabel ausbilden können, einen maßgeblichen Anteil bei. Interdependenzen der Entscheidungen der Betriebe können darüber hinaus bewirken, dass sich nach dem Überschreiten einer `kritischen Masse´ durch einen "Schneeballeffekt" zunehmend Betriebe für die Ausbildung entscheiden und das Ausbildungsangebot in ein stabiles Gleichgewicht mündet. Unzureichende Flexibilität verhindert jedoch einen automatischen Ausgleich zwischen Angebot und Nachfrage, so dass in Zeiten der Unterversorgung von Jugendlichen staatliche Eingriffe gefordert werden. Mit Hilfe der vorliegenden Analyse lassen sich Auswirkungen von derartigen Eingriffen auf das Ergebnis am Ausbildungsmarkt untersuchen.

Suggested Citation

  • Niederalt, Michael, 2003. "Betriebliche Ausbildung als kollektives Phänomen," Discussion Papers 20, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:20
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Niederalt, Michael & Schnabel, Claus & Kaiser, Christian, 2001. "Betriebliches Ausbildungsverhalten zwischen Kosten-Nutzen-Kalkül und gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung: Einflussfaktoren der Ausbildungsintensität von deutschen Betrieben," Discussion Papers 7, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    2. Goerke, Laszlo & Schnabel, Claus, 2002. "On strike insurance," Discussion Papers 12, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    3. Addison, John T. & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2000. "Die mitbestimmungsfreie Zone aus ökonomischer Sicht," Discussion Papers 1, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    4. Acemoglu, Daron & Pischke, Jorn-Steffen, 1999. "Beyond Becker: Training in Imperfect Labour Markets," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(453), pages 112-142, February.
    5. Lisa M. Lynch, 1994. "Training and the Private Sector: International Comparisons," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number lync94-1, April.
    6. Thomas J. Kane & Dietmar Harhoff, 1997. "Is the German apprenticeship system a panacea for the U.S. labor market?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(2), pages 171-196.
    7. Jahn, Elke J. & Wagner, Thomas, 2001. "Labour's law?," Discussion Papers 6, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Betriebliche Ausbildung; social custom-Theorie; Theorie kollektiver Güter; Trittbrettfahrerproblem; Kritische Masse;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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