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The effectiveness of consumption tax on the reduction of car pollution in China

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  • Arcila, Andres
  • Chen, Tao
  • Lu, Xiaolan

Abstract

Exposure to airborne pollution has substantial adverse health consequences (Cohen et al, 2004). Governments around the world have paid attention to this problem and started to take actions to mitigate it harmful effects. In this paper, we investigate how a change in the consumption tax structure affects car emissions by exploiting exogenous variation from a natural experiment that took place in China. Our results show that this tax policy, which doubled the imposition paid on cars with large engines, reduced the emissions of all the pollutants studied, with the most significant decrease of 11% noted in Particulate Matter and Carbon Monoxide.

Suggested Citation

  • Arcila, Andres & Chen, Tao & Lu, Xiaolan, 2018. "The effectiveness of consumption tax on the reduction of car pollution in China," CLEF Working Paper Series 15, Canadian Labour Economics Forum (CLEF), University of Waterloo.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:clefwp:15
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/203345/1/CLEF-015-2018-Fall-Arcila-Chen-Lu.pdf
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    as
    1. Maxim Engers & Monica Hartmann & Steven Stern, 2009. "Annual miles drive used car prices," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(1), pages 1-33.
    2. Christopher R. Knittel, 2011. "Automobiles on Steroids: Product Attribute Trade-Offs and Technological Progress in the Automobile Sector," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(7), pages 3368-3399, December.
    3. Berry, Steven & Levinsohn, James & Pakes, Ariel, 1995. "Automobile Prices in Market Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(4), pages 841-890, July.
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