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Capturing the zero: A new class of zero-augmented distributions and multiplicative error processes

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  • Hautsch, Nikolaus
  • Malec, Peter
  • Schienle, Melanie

Abstract

We propose a novel approach to model serially dependent positive-valued variables which realize a non-trivial proportion of zero outcomes. This is a typical phenomenon in financial time series observed at high frequencies, such as cumulated trading volumes. We introduce a flexible point-mass mixture distribution and develop a semiparametric specification test explicitly tailored for such distributions. Moreover, we propose a new type of multiplicative error model (MEM) based on a zero-augmented distribution, which incorporates an autoregressive binary choice component and thus captures the (potentially different) dynamics of both zero occurrences and of strictly positive realizations. Applying the proposed model to high-frequency cumulated trading volumes of both liquid and illiquid NYSE stocks, we show that the model captures the dynamic and distributional properties of the data well and is able to correctly predict future distributions.

Suggested Citation

  • Hautsch, Nikolaus & Malec, Peter & Schienle, Melanie, 2011. "Capturing the zero: A new class of zero-augmented distributions and multiplicative error processes," CFS Working Paper Series 2011/25, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cfswop:201125
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    Cited by:

    1. Nicole Wiebach & Lutz Hildebrandt, 2010. "Context Effects as Customer Reaction on Delisting of Brands," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-056, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    2. Wolfgang K. Härdle & Nikolaus Hautsch & Andrija Mihoci, 2015. "Local Adaptive Multiplicative Error Models for High‐Frequency Forecasts," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(4), pages 529-550, June.
    3. Andrew Harvey & Ryoko Ito, 2017. "Modeling time series with zero observations," Economics Papers 2017-W01, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    4. repec:gam:jecnmx:v:5:y:2017:i:2:p:16-:d:95642 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Christian T. Brownlees & Fabrizio Cipollini & Giampiero M. Gallo, 2011. "Multiplicative Error Models," Econometrics Working Papers Archive 2011_03, Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti", revised Apr 2011.
    6. Caporin, Massimiliano & Rossi, Eduardo & Santucci de Magistris, Paolo, 2017. "Chasing volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 198(1), pages 122-145.
    7. Nikolaus Hautsch & Peter Malec & Melanie Schienle, 2014. "Capturing the Zero: A New Class of Zero-Augmented Distributions and Multiplicative Error Processes," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 12(1), pages 89-121.
    8. Fabrizio Cipollini & Robert F. Engle & Giampiero M. Gallo, 2016. "Copula--based Specification of vector MEMs," Papers 1604.01338, arXiv.org.
    9. Andres, Philipp, 2014. "Maximum likelihood estimates for positive valued dynamic score models; The DySco package," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 34-42.
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    11. Ito, Ryoko, 2013. "Modeling Dynamic Diurnal Patterns in High-Frequency Financial Data," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1315, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    12. Sucarrat, Genaro & Grønneberg, Steffen, 2016. "Models of Financial Return With Time-Varying Zero Probability," MPRA Paper 68931, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Christos Kollias & Stephanos Papadamou & Costas Siriopoulos, 2013. "European Markets’ Reactions to Exogenous Shocks: A High Frequency Data Analysis of the 2005 London Bombings," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 1(4), pages 1-14, November.
    14. Fabrizio Cipollini & Robert F. Engle & Giampiero M. Gallo, 2017. "Copula–Based vMEM Specifications versus Alternatives: The Case of Trading Activity," Econometrics, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-24, April.
    15. Enno Mammen & Christoph Rothe & Melanie Schienle, 2010. "Nonparametric Regression with Nonparametrically Generated Covariates," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2010-059, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    16. Ito, R., 2016. "Spline-DCS for Forecasting Trade Volume in High-Frequency Finance," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1606, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    17. repec:exl:25engi:v:28:y:2017:i:2:p:162-169 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Malec, Peter & Schienle, Melanie, 2014. "Nonparametric kernel density estimation near the boundary," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 57-76.
    19. Andreea Röthig & Andreas Röthig & Carl Chiarella, 2015. "On Candlestick-based Trading Rules Profitability Analysis via Parametric Bootstraps and Multivariate Pair-Copula based Models," Research Paper Series 362, Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.
    20. Trojan, Sebastian, 2014. "Modeling Intraday Stochastic Volatility and Conditional Duration Contemporaneously with Regime Shifts," Economics Working Paper Series 1425, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    High-Frequency Data; Point-Mass Mixture; Multiplicative Error Model; Excess Zeros; Semiparametric Specification Test; Market Microstructure;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C16 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Econometric and Statistical Methods; Specific Distributions
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation

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