IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zbw/cauewp/201807.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Inference for nonlinear state space models: A comparison of different methods applied to Markov-switching multifractal models

Author

Listed:
  • Lux, Thomas

Abstract

Nonlinear, non-Gaussian state space models have found wide applications in many areas. Since such models usually do not allow for an analytical representation of their likelihood function, sequential Monte Carlo or particle filter methods are mostly applied to estimate their parameters. Since such stochastic approximations lead to non-smooth likelihood functions, finding the best-fitting parameters of a model is a non-trivial task. In this paper, we compare recently proposed iterative filtering algorithms developed for this purpose with simpler online filters and more traditional methods of inference. We use a highly nonlinear class of Markov-switching models, the so called Markov-switching multifractal model (MSM), as our workhorse in the comparison of different optimisation routines. Besides the well-established univariate discrete-time MSM, we introduce univariate and multivariate continuous-time versions of MSM. Monte Carlo simulation experiments indicate that across a variety of MSM specifications, the classical Nelder-Mead or simplex algorithm appears still as more efficient and robust compared to a number of online and iterated filters. A very close competitor is the iterated filter recently proposed by Ionides et al. (2006) while other alternatives are mostly dominated by these two algorithms. An empirical application of both discrete and continuous-time MSM to seven financial time series shows that both models dominate GARCH and FIGARCH models in terms of in-sample goodness-of-fit. Out-of-sample forecast comparisons show in the majority of cases a clear dominance of the continuous-time MSM under a mean absolute error criterion, and less conclusive results under a mean squared error criterion.

Suggested Citation

  • Lux, Thomas, 2018. "Inference for nonlinear state space models: A comparison of different methods applied to Markov-switching multifractal models," Economics Working Papers 2018-07, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cauewp:201807
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/181491/1/1029440646.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Malik, Sheheryar & Pitt, Michael K., 2011. "Particle filters for continuous likelihood evaluation and maximisation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 165(2), pages 190-209.
    2. Lux, Thomas, 2008. "The Markov-Switching Multifractal Model of Asset Returns: GMM Estimation and Linear Forecasting of Volatility," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 26, pages 194-210, April.
    3. Calvet, Laurent E. & Fisher, Adlai J. & Thompson, Samuel B., 2006. "Volatility comovement: a multifrequency approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 131(1-2), pages 179-215.
    4. Calvet, Laurent & Fisher, Adlai, 2001. "Forecasting multifractal volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 105(1), pages 27-58, November.
    5. Laurent E. Calvet, 2004. "How to Forecast Long-Run Volatility: Regime Switching and the Estimation of Multifractal Processes," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 2(1), pages 49-83.
    6. Liu, Ruipeng & Lux, Thomas, 2017. "Generalized Method of Moment estimation of multivariate multifractal models," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 136-148.
    7. Hansen, Peter Reinhard, 2005. "A Test for Superior Predictive Ability," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 23, pages 365-380, October.
    8. Lux, Thomas, 2017. "Estimation of agent-based models using sequential Monte Carlo methods," Economics Working Papers 2017-07, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    9. Zhenxi Chen & Thomas Lux, 2018. "Estimation of Sentiment Effects in Financial Markets: A Simulated Method of Moments Approach," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 52(3), pages 711-744, October.
    10. King, Aaron A. & Nguyen, Dao & Ionides, Edward L., 2016. "Statistical Inference for Partially Observed Markov Processes via the R Package pomp," Journal of Statistical Software, Foundation for Open Access Statistics, vol. 69(i12).
    11. Ruipeng Liu & Thomas Lux, 2015. "Non-homogeneous volatility correlations in the bivariate multifractal model," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(12), pages 971-991, September.
    12. Vuong, Quang H, 1989. "Likelihood Ratio Tests for Model Selection and Non-nested Hypotheses," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(2), pages 307-333, March.
    13. Kristin J. Forbes & Roberto Rigobon, 2002. "No Contagion, Only Interdependence: Measuring Stock Market Comovements," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 57(5), pages 2223-2261, October.
    14. Thomas Lux & Leonardo Morales‐Arias & Cristina Sattarhoff, 2014. "Forecasting Daily Variations of Stock Index Returns with a Multifractal Model of Realized Volatility," Journal of Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 33(7), pages 532-541, November.
    15. Ghonghadze, Jaba & Lux, Thomas, 2016. "Bringing an elementary agent-based model to the data: Estimation via GMM and an application to forecasting of asset price volatility," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 1-19.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Julien Idier, 2011. "Long-term vs. short-term comovements in stock markets: the use of Markov-switching multifractal models," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(1), pages 27-48.
    2. Lux, Thomas & Segnon, Mawuli & Gupta, Rangan, 2016. "Forecasting crude oil price volatility and value-at-risk: Evidence from historical and recent data," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 117-133.
    3. Nasr, Adnen Ben & Lux, Thomas & Ajmi, Ahdi Noomen & Gupta, Rangan, 2016. "Forecasting the volatility of the Dow Jones Islamic Stock Market Index: Long memory vs. regime switching," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 559-571.
    4. Calvet, Laurent E. & Fearnley, Marcus & Fisher, Adlai J. & Leippold, Markus, 2015. "What is beneath the surface? Option pricing with multifrequency latent states," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 187(2), pages 498-511.
    5. Wang, Yudong & Wu, Chongfeng & Yang, Li, 2016. "Forecasting crude oil market volatility: A Markov switching multifractal volatility approach," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 1-9.
    6. Calvet, Laurent E. & Fisher, Adlai J., 2007. "Multifrequency news and stock returns," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 178-212, October.
    7. Segnon, Mawuli & Lux, Thomas & Gupta, Rangan, 2017. "Modeling and forecasting the volatility of carbon dioxide emission allowance prices: A review and comparison of modern volatility models," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 692-704.
    8. Mawuli Segnon & Chi Keung Lau & Bernd Wilfling & Rangan Gupta, 2017. "Are Multifractal Processes Suited to Forecasting Electricity Price Volatility? Evidence from Australian Intraday Data," Working Papers 201739, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    9. Calvet, Laurent E. & Fisher, Adlai J., 2008. "Multifrequency jump-diffusions: An equilibrium approach," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 207-226, January.
    10. Charles, Amélie & Darné, Olivier, 2017. "Forecasting crude-oil market volatility: Further evidence with jumps," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 508-519.
    11. Chen, Wang & Wei, Yu & Lang, Qiaoqi & Lin, Yu & Liu, Maojuan, 2014. "Financial market volatility and contagion effect: A copula–multifractal volatility approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 398(C), pages 289-300.
    12. Lee, Hojin & Song, Jae Wook & Chang, Woojin, 2016. "Multifractal Value at Risk model," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 451(C), pages 113-122.
    13. Segnon, Mawuli & Lux, Thomas, 2013. "Multifractal models in finance: Their origin, properties, and applications," Kiel Working Papers 1860, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel).
    14. Calvet, Laurent-Emmanuel & Czellar , Veronika, 2011. "state-observation sampling and the econometrics of learning models," HEC Research Papers Series 947, HEC Paris.
    15. Sattarhoff, Cristina & Lux, Thomas, 2021. "Forecasting the Variability of Stock Index Returns with the Multifractal Random Walk Model for Realized Volatilities," Economics Working Papers 2021-02, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    16. Mawuli Segnon & Stelios Bekiros & Bernd Wilfling, 2018. "Forecasting Inflation Uncertainty in the G7 Countries," Econometrics, MDPI, vol. 6(2), pages 1-25, April.
    17. Liu, Yufang & Zhang, Weiguo & Fu, Junhui, 2016. "Binomial Markov-Switching Multifractal model with Skewed t innovations and applications to Chinese SSEC Index," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 462(C), pages 56-66.
    18. Lux, Thomas, 2018. "Estimation of agent-based models using sequential Monte Carlo methods," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 391-408.
    19. Liu, Ruipeng & Lux, Thomas, 2010. "Flexible and robust modelling of volatility comovements: a comparison of two multifractal models," Kiel Working Papers 1594, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel).
    20. Lux, Thomas & Segnon, Mawuli & Gupta, Rangan, 2015. "Modeling and forecasting crude oil price volatility: Evidence from historical and recent data," FinMaP-Working Papers 31, Collaborative EU Project FinMaP - Financial Distortions and Macroeconomic Performance: Expectations, Constraints and Interaction of Agents.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    partially observed Markov processes; state space models; Markov-switching mulitfracted model; nonlinear filtering; forecasting of volatility;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C20 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - General
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:cauewp:201807. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/vakiede.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/vakiede.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.