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Bank risk taking and competition: Evidence from regional banking markets

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  • Kick, Thomas
  • Prieto, Esteban

Abstract

This study investigates the bank competition-stability nexus using a unique regulatory dataset provided by the Deutsche Bundesbank over the period 1994 to 2010. First, we use outright bank defaults as the most direct measure of bank risk available and contrast the results to weaker forms of bank distress. Second, we control for a wide array of different time-varying characteristics of banks which are likely to influence the competition-risk taking channel. Third, we include different measures of competition, contestability and market power, each corresponding to a different contextual level of a bank's competitive environment. Our results indicate that political implications derived from empirical banking market studies must recognize the theoretical properties of the indicators for market power and competition. Using the Lerner Index as a proxy for bank-specific market power, our results support the view that market power tends to reduce banks' default probability. In contrast, using the Boone Indicator (derived on the state level) and/or the regional branch share as a measure of competition, we find strong support that increased competition lowers the riskiness of banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Kick, Thomas & Prieto, Esteban, 2013. "Bank risk taking and competition: Evidence from regional banking markets," Discussion Papers 30/2013, Deutsche Bundesbank.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdps:302013
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:ebl:ecbull:eb-17-00552 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Francesco Marchionne & Alberto Zazzaro, 2018. "Risk and competitiveness in the Italian banking sector," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 38(1), pages 271-280.
    3. repec:eee:exehis:v:67:y:2018:i:c:p:134-151 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Sven Bornemann & Susanne Homölle & Carsten Hubensack & Thomas Kick & Andreas Pfingsten, 2014. "Visible Reserves in Banks – Determinants of Initial Creation, Usage and Contribution to Bank Stability," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(5-6), pages 507-544, June.
    5. Francesco Marchionne & Alberto Zazzaro, 2013. "Rischio e concorrenza nel sistema bancario italiano durante la crisi finanziaria globale," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 86, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    6. Günther, Susanne, 2016. "Peer Monitoring, Eigentümerstruktur und die Stabilität von Banken: Eine empirische Analyse für den deutschen genossenschaftlichen Bankensektor," Arbeitspapiere 167, University of Münster, Institute for Cooperatives.
    7. Khemais Zaghdoudi & Helmi Hamdi & Hichem Dkhili & Abdelaziz Hakimi, 2016. "Bank Competition And Risk Appetite: Evidence From Tunisia," The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, The Institute for Business and Finance Research, vol. 10(1), pages 85-93.
    8. Sanjukta Sarkar & Rudra Sensarma, 2016. "The relationship between competition and risk-taking behaviour of Indian banks," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 8(1), pages 95-119, April.
    9. Koetter, Michael, 2013. "Market structure and competition in German banking: Modules I and IV," Working Papers 06/2013, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank risk; bank competition; instrumental variables models;

    JEL classification:

    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General

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