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External finance, sudden stops and financial crisis: what is different this time?


  • Gulcin Ozkan
  • Filiz Unsal


This paper develops a two-country dynamic, stochastic general equilibrium(DSGE) model to investigate the transmission of a global financial crisis to a small open economy. Central to our framework are financial frictions that play a major role in the macroeconomic adjustment to global credit tightening. We find that small open economies hit by a sudden stop arising from financial distress in the global economy are likely to face a more prolonged crisis than when they experience a financial shock of domestic origin. This is because an important source of difficulty in responding to a global financial crisis is the inability of countries to export their way out of crisis due to the slump in world consumer demand initiated by the global financial distress -as is painfully experienced by many countries in contemporary times. Moreover, we show that the greater a country's trade integration with the rest of the world, the greater the fluctuation of its macroeconomic aggregates in response to a global financial crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Gulcin Ozkan & Filiz Unsal, "undated". "External finance, sudden stops and financial crisis: what is different this time?," Discussion Papers 09/22, Department of Economics, University of York.
  • Handle: RePEc:yor:yorken:09/22

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. D. Filiz Unsal, 2013. "Capital Flows and Financial Stability: Monetary Policy and Macroprudential Responses," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(1), pages 233-285, March.
    2. Selim Elekdag & Harun Alp, 2011. "The Role of Monetary Policy in Turkey During the Global Financial Crisis," IMF Working Papers 11/150, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Gorazd Sedmak & Tanja Planinc, 2011. "The Effect of the Economic Crisis on Tourist Behaviour," Academica Turistica - Tourism and Innovation Journal, University of Primorska Press, vol. 4(1), pages 35-42.

    More about this item


    sudden stops; financial crises; emerging markets.;

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance


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