The Role of the Family in Determining Youth Employment
Many youths aged twelve to sixteen are working part-time while attending full-time schooling as required by law for youths younger than sixteen. These youths balance schoolwork with employment, family responsibilities, and leisure time. Their early employment decisions may have implications for their human capital acquisition and subsequently future earnings (Michael and Tuma 1984). However, work allows youths to increase their current personal consumption and gain work experience. Parents provide for much of their children's consumption and many also provide cash transfers (allowances) so their children can choose some of their own consumption. Youth employment depends upon parents' willingness and ability to provide consumption goods and allowances, the youth's desire for personal freedom, and the youth's desire for work experience. Furthermore, parents may attempt to encourage/discourage work effort given their children's desire to work by decreasing/increasing allowances. In this paper, I examine whether youth work intensity, measured alternatively by hours worked per year and earned income, and parental allowances are jointly determined. Results suggest that parental allowances negatively affect youth work intensity by either measure but I do not find evidence that parents adjust allowances in response to youths' decisions regarding work intensity. Interestingly, I find that black and Hispanic youths work fewer hours and earn less per year than white youths while receiving greater parental allowances. I also report on a number of other family and individual determinants of youth work intensity and parental allowances.
To our knowledge, this item is not available for
download. To find whether it is available, there are three
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.
|Date of creation:||31 Jan 2000|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies, 1155 E. 60th Street Chicago, IL 60637|
Web page: http://www.jcpr.org/wp/ByDate.html
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Christian Dustmann & Najma Rajah & Stephen Smith, 1997.
"Teenage truancy, part-time working and wages,"
Journal of Population Economics,
Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(4), pages 425-442.
- Christian Dustmann & Najma Rajah, 1997. "Teenage truancy, part-time working and wages," IFS Working Papers W97/13, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
- Albert Rees & Wayne Gray, 1982. "Family Effects in Youth Employment," NBER Chapters,in: The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences, pages 453-474 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Albert E. Rees & Wayne B. Gray, 1979. "Family Effects in Youth Employment," NBER Working Papers 0396, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Christian Dustmann & John Micklewright & Najma Rajah, 1996. "Intra-household transfers and the part-time work of children," IFS Working Papers W96/03, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
- Dustmann, Christian & Micklewright, John, 2001. "Intra-Household Transfers and the Part-Time Work of Children," CEPR Discussion Papers 2796, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Goldfarb, Robert S. & Yezer, Anthony M. J., 1983. "A model of teenage labor supply," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 245-255, June.
- John Micklewright & Najma Rajah & Stephen Smith, 1994. "Labouring and Learning: Part-Time Work and Full-Time Education," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 148(1), pages 73-97, May.
- Michael, Robert T & Tuma, Nancy Brandon, 1984. "Youth Employment: Does Life Begin at 16?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 2(4), pages 464-476, October.
- Ruhm, Christopher J, 1997. "Is High School Employment Consumption or Investment?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(4), pages 735-776, October.
- Christopher J. Ruhm, 1995. "Is High School Employment Consumption or Investment?," NBER Working Papers 5030, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wop:jopovw:151. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Thomas Krichel)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.