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25 Years Single Market: Which Trade and Growth Effects?

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  • Fritz Breuss

Abstract

The EU Single Market and the Maastricht Treaty are now aged 25. In this short history many events marked the way: the creation of EMU in 1999, the introduction of the euro in 2002, and the great EU enlargement starting in 2004. And lastly – for the first time – with the Brexit a reverse of the process of European integration takes place. The recession of 2009 and the Euro crisis in 2010 led to a setback in the economic development in the EU. A quarter of a century invites to look back about the achievements. How much trade and economic growth could be created by the Single Market plus euro plus EU enlargement? These questions are treated here with the help of a consistent integration model. Embedded into an endogenous growth model approach growth and trade effects for EU and EFTA countries are estimated. It turns out that (taking also into account GATT liberalisation) the European integration added to per-capita GDP 0.5 percentage point to EU 28 countries but only 0.2 percentage point to EFTA countries. Trade openness increased by 0.9 percentage point of GDP in EU 28 and by 0.3 percentage point in EFTA countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Fritz Breuss, 2018. "25 Years Single Market: Which Trade and Growth Effects?," WIFO Working Papers 572, WIFO.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wpaper:y:2018:i:572
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    File URL: https://www.wifo.ac.at/wwa/pubid/61506
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Klaus Weyerstraß, 2018. "Entwicklung, Determinanten und Bedeutung der totalen Faktorproduktivität," FIW Policy Brief series 038, FIW.
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    7. Joshua J. Lewer & Hendrik Van den Berg, 2003. "How Large Is International Trade’s Effect on Economic Growth?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(3), pages 363-396, July.
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    11. Martin Braml & Gabriel Felbermayr & Wolfgang Weiß & Fritz Breuss & Christoph Scherrer & Christoph Herrmann & Caroline Glöckle & Benjamin Jung & Tim Krieger & Laura Renner & Bernd Lange, 2018. "Handelskrieg und seine Folgen: Ist die WTO am Ende?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 71(11), pages 03-29, June.
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    14. Fritz Breuss, 2017. "The United States-Euro Area Growth Gap Puzzle," WIFO Working Papers 541, WIFO.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fritz Breuss, 2020. "Makroökonomische Effekte der 25- jährigen EU-Mitgliedschaft Österreichs," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q1-Q2/20, pages 27-48.
    2. González-Garrido, A. & Gaztañaga, H. & Saez-de-Ibarra, A. & Milo, A. & Eguia, P., 2020. "Electricity and reserve market bidding strategy including sizing evaluation and a novel renewable complementarity-based centralized control for storage lifetime enhancement," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 262(C).

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    Keywords

    European Integration; Single Market; Maastricht Treaty; Model simulations;

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