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Globalisation, EU enlargement and income distribution

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  • Fritz Breuss

Abstract

Advanced industrial countries have been exhibiting a steady decline of the labour income shares in the last two decades. We explain this phenomenon by resorting to the old Stolper-Samuelson theorem. The conclusions concerning the impact of free trade on the income distribution are unambiguous in a Heckscher-Ohlin world with two countries, two goods and two factors of production (capital and labour). In contrast, the consequences of FDI from the capital abundant country (EU) to the labour abundant CEEC are ambiguous. Both scenarios are investigated theoretically, simulated with a hypothetical two country CGE model, including the EU and the CEEC and then tested empirically. Accordingly, globalisation has contributed to a decline in the labour income shares in the EU and an increase in the CEEC. Additionally, those EU countries which are engaged more in trade with the CEEC ('mini-globalisation' in Europe) can expect a sharper decline in the wage share.

Suggested Citation

  • Fritz Breuss, 2010. "Globalisation, EU enlargement and income distribution," International Journal of Public Policy, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 6(1/2), pages 16-34.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijpubp:v:6:y:2010:i:1/2:p:16-34
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078, January.
    2. Hartmut Egger & Peter Egger, 2002. "How international outsourcing drives up Eastern European wages," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 138(1), pages 83-96, March.
    3. Wolfgang F. Stolper & Paul A. Samuelson, 1941. "Protection and Real Wages," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 9(1), pages 58-73.
    4. Peter Egger & Mario Larch & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2007. "Bilateral versus Multilateral Trade and Investment Liberalisation," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(4), pages 567-596, April.
    5. Egger, Peter & Larch, Mario & Pfaffermayr, Michael, 2007. "On the welfare effects of trade and investment liberalization," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 669-694, April.
    6. Adrian Wood, 2002. "Globalization and wage inequalities: A synthesis of three theories," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 138(1), pages 54-82, March.
    7. Özlem Onaran & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2006. "The effect of FDI and foreign trade on wages in the Central and Eastern European Countries in the post-transition era: A sectoral analysis," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp094, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Özlem Onaran, 2012. "The Effect of Foreign Affiliate Employment on Wages, Employment, and the Wage Share in Austria," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(2), pages 251-271, April.
    2. Alfred Greiner, 2011. "Economic Growth, Public Debt and Welfare: Comparing Three Budgetary Rules," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 12(2), pages 205-222, May.
    3. Fritz Breuss, 2013. "Europe as a Global Player," WIFO Working Papers 455, WIFO.
    4. Fritz Breuss, 2009. "An evaluation of the EU's Fifth Enlargement With special focus on Bulgaria and Romania," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 361, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    5. Onaran, Özlem, 2008. "The effect of import penetration on labor market outcomes in Austrian manufacturing industry," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 1264, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    6. Engelbert Stockhammer & Stefan Ederer, 2008. "Demand effects of the falling wage share in Austria," Empirica, Springer;Austrian Institute for Economic Research;Austrian Economic Association, vol. 35(5), pages 481-502, December.
    7. repec:kap:ecopln:v:51:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10644-016-9198-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:onb:oenbmp:y:2017:i:q1/2017:b:6 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:onb:oenbmp:y:2017:i:1:b:5 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:wfo:wstudy:45578 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Konstantin Wacker, 2010. "The Influence of Trade with the EU-15 on Wages in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia between 1997 and 2005," FIW Working Paper series 047, FIW.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    globalisation; EU enlargement; income distribution; European Union; free trade; FDI; foreign direct investment; CEEC; simulation; modelling; labour income shares; Central and Eastern European countries.;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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