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Political reservations and women's entrepreneurship in India

  • Ghani, Ejaz
  • Kerr, William R.
  • O'Connell, Stephen D.

This paper quantifies the link between the timing of state-level implementations of political reservations for women in India with the role of women in India's manufacturing sector. While overall employment of women in manufacturing does not increase after the reforms, there is significant evidence that more women-owned establishments were created in the unorganized/informal sector. These new establishments were concentrated in industries where women entrepreneurs have been traditionally active and the entry was mainly found among household-based establishments. The paper measures and discusses the extent to which this heightened entrepreneurship is due to channels like greater finance access or heightened inspiration for women entrepreneurs.

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Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 6307.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6307
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  18. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521728355 is not listed on IDEAS
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  35. Bruhn, Miriam, 2009. "Female-owned firms in Latin America : characteristics, performance, and obstacles to growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5122, The World Bank.
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