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For better or worse? – The Effects of Physical Education on Child Development

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Listed:
  • Knaus, Michael C.

    ()

  • Lechner, Michael

    ()

  • Reimers, Anne K.

    ()

Abstract

This study analyzes the effects of regular physical education at school on cognitive skills, non-cognitive skills, motor skills, physical activity, and health. It is based on a very informative data set, the German Motorik-Modul, and identifies the effect by using variation in the required numbers of physical education lessons across and within German federal states. The results show improvements in cognitive skills. Boys’ non-cognitive skills are adversely affected driven by increased peer relation problems. For girls, the results suggest improvements in motor skills and increased extra-curricular physical activities. Generally, we find no statistically significant effects on health parameters.

Suggested Citation

  • Knaus, Michael C. & Lechner, Michael & Reimers, Anne K., 2018. "For better or worse? – The Effects of Physical Education on Child Development," Economics Working Paper Series 1801, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:usg:econwp:2018:01
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    File URL: http://ux-tauri.unisg.ch/RePEc/usg/econwp/EWP-1801.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Felfe, Christina & Lechner, Michael & Steinmayr, Andreas, 2011. "Sport and Child Development," Economics Working Paper Series 1135, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Physical education; cognitive skills; non-cognitive skills; motor skills; physical activity; health;

    JEL classification:

    • I26 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Returns to Education
    • Z28 - Other Special Topics - - Sports Economics - - - Policy
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior

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