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Do Flexible Employment Contracts Change Household Income Differences in Italy?

  • Carmen Aina
  • Fernanda Mazzotta
  • Lavinia Parisi


    (SEMEQ Department - Faculty of Economics - Università del Piemonte Orientale "Amedeo Avogadro")

This paper examines whether the growing use of non-permanent contracts may have inuenced the intra-family income differences in Italy over time. After the 1996, a number of reforms were imple- mented to reduce the levels of employment protection. Thus we aim at providing evidence on the determinants of potential changes to per- sonal level of income before and after the introduction of such rules. In particular, we calculate the contribution of each individual within the family using two Italian longitudinal data (namely ECHP and IT- Silc). We perform estimations for men and women, separately. Our results confirm that the amount of contribution changes over the span considered. Fathers are generally more likely to support other family members. Sons are instead money receivers, and the magnitude of the coefficient is especially large when labour market fexibility has been already introduced. Individuals with part time temporary contracts face less favourable financial conditions. Finally, those who are out of the labour market (i.e. retired, unemployed, inactive) contribute negatively within the family.

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Paper provided by SEMEQ Department - Faculty of Economics - University of Eastern Piedmont in its series Working Papers with number 129.

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Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:upo:upopwp:129
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  1. Fabio Berton & Francesco Devicienti & Lia Pacelli, 2007. "Temporary jobs: Port of entry, Trap, or just Unobserved Heterogeneity?," LABORatorio R. Revelli Working Papers Series 68, LABORatorio R. Revelli, Centre for Employment Studies.
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  5. Gary S. Becker, 1974. "A Theory of Social Interactions," NBER Working Papers 0042, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Lucidi Federico & Raitano Michele, 2009. "Molto flessibili, poco sicuri: lavoro atipico e disuguaglianze nel mercato del lavoro italiano," Economia & lavoro, Carocci editore, issue 2, pages 99.
  7. Quandt, Richard E & Rosen, Harvey S, 1986. "Unemployment, Disequilibrium and the Short Run Phillips Curve: An Econometric Approach," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 1(3), pages 235-53, July.
  8. Del Boca, Daniela, 2002. "The Effect of Child Care and Part Time Opportunities on Participation and Fertility Decisions in Italy," IZA Discussion Papers 427, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Florence Jaumotte, 2003. "Labour Force Participation of Women: Empirical Evidence on The Role of Policy and Other Determinants in OECD Countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2003(2), pages 51-108.
  10. Barbara Petrongolo, 2004. "Gender Segregation in Employment Contracts," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 2(2-3), pages 331-345, 04/05.
  11. DiTella, Rafael & MacCulloch, Robert, 1999. "Informal family insurance and the design of the welfare state," ZEI Working Papers B 23-1999, ZEI - Center for European Integration Studies, University of Bonn.
  12. Sarah Brown & John G. Sessions, 2005. "Employee Attitudes, Earnings and Fixed-Term Contracts: International Evidence," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 141(2), pages 296-317, July.
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  14. Rosario Sanchez & Maria Angeles Diaz, . "Firms' Size and Productivity in Spain: a Stochastic Frontier Analysis," EcoMod2006 272100076, EcoMod.
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