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The Ups and Downs in Women's Employment: Shifting Composition or Behavior from 1970 to 2010?

  • Giovanni Mastrobuoni


    (University of Essex and Collegio Carlo Alberto)

  • Paolo Pinotti

    (Universita Bocconi and BAFFI Center)

We exploit exogenous variation in legal status following the January 2007 European Union enlargement to estimate its effect on immigrant crime. We difference out unobserved timevarying factors by 1) comparing recidivism rates of immigrants from the “new” and “candidate” member countries and 2) using arrest data on foreign detainees released upon a mass clemency that occurred in Italy in August 2006. The timing of the two events allows us to set up a difference-in-differences strategy. Legal status leads to a 50 percent reduction in recidivism and explains one-half to two-thirds of the observed differences in crime rates between legal and illegal immigrants.

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Paper provided by W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research in its series Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles with number 14-212.

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Date of creation: Jan 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:upj:weupjo:14-212
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