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Imitation by price and quantity setting firms in a differentiated market

Author

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  • Khan, A.

    (General Economics 0 (Onderwijs))

  • Peeters, R.J.A.P.

    (General Economics 1 (Micro))

Abstract

We study the evolution of imitation behaviour in a differentiated market where firms are located equidistantly on a (Salop) circle. Firms choose price and quantity simultaneously, leaving open the possibility for non-market clearing outcomes. The strategy of the most successful firm is imitated. Behaviour in the stochastically stable outcome depends on the level of market differentiation and corresponds exactly with the Nash equilibrium of the underlying game. For high level of differentiation, firms end up at the monopoly outcome. For intermediate level of differentiation, they gravitate to a ``mutually non-aggressive'' outcome where price is higher than the monopoly price. For low level of differentiation, firms price at a mark-up above the marginal cost. Market clearing always results endogenously.

Suggested Citation

  • Khan, A. & Peeters, R.J.A.P., 2013. "Imitation by price and quantity setting firms in a differentiated market," Research Memorandum 022, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:umagsb:2013022
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    Cited by:

    1. Bos A.M. & Vermeulen A.J., 2015. "On pure-strategy Nash equilibria in price-quantity games," Research Memorandum 018, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
    2. Wood, Aaron D. & Mason, Charles F. & Finnoff, David, 2016. "OPEC, the Seven Sisters, and oil market dominance: An evolutionary game theory and agent-based modeling approach," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 132(PB), pages 66-78.
    3. Khan, Abhimanyu & Peeters, Ronald, 2017. "Imitation and price competition in a differentiated market," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 177-194.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • C73 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Stochastic and Dynamic Games; Evolutionary Games
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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