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General equilibrium and the emergence of (non)market clearing trading institutions


  • Carlos Alós-Ferrer


  • Georg Kirchsteiger



We consider a pure exchange economy, where for each good several trading institutions are available, only one of which is market-clearing. The other feasible trading institutions lead to rationing. To learn on which trading institutions to coordinate, traders follow behavioural rules of thumb that are based on the past performances of the trading institutions. Given the choice of institutions, market outcomes are determined by an equilibrium concept that allows for rationing. We find that full coordination on the market-clearing institutions without any rationing is a stochastically stable outcome, independently of the characteristics of the alternative available institutions. We also find, though, that coordination on other, non-market-clearing institutions with rationing can be stochastically stable.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Alós-Ferrer & Georg Kirchsteiger, 2010. "General equilibrium and the emergence of (non)market clearing trading institutions," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 44(3), pages 339-360, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joecth:v:44:y:2010:i:3:p:339-360 DOI: 10.1007/s00199-009-0466-9

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:spr:joecth:v:64:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00199-016-1002-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Alós-Ferrer, Carlos & Weidenholzer, Simon, 2014. "Imitation and the role of information in overcoming coordination failures," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 397-411.
    3. Khan, Abhimanyu & Peeters, Ronald, 2015. "Imitation by price and quantity setting firms in a differentiated market," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 28-36.
    4. Alós-Ferrer, Carlos & Kirchsteiger, Georg, 2017. "Market selection by boundedly-rational traders under constant returns to scale," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 51-53.
    5. Carlos Alós-Ferrer & Georg Kirchsteiger, 2015. "Learning and market clearing: theory and experiments," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 60(2), pages 203-241, October.
    6. Carlos Alós-Ferrer & Nick Netzer, 2015. "Robust stochastic stability," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 58(1), pages 31-57, January.
    7. Mandel Antoine & Botta Nicola, 2009. "A Note on Herbert Gintis' "Emergence of a Price System from Decentralized Bilateral Exchange"," The B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-18, December.
    8. Alós-Ferrer, Carlos & Buckenmaier, Johannes, 2017. "Trader matching and the selection of market institutions," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 118-127.

    More about this item


    Market clearing; Rationing; Learning in games; General equilibrium; C72; D50;

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • C83 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Survey Methods; Sampling Methods
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • D5 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance


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