- An Evolutionary Model Of Bertrand Oligopoly
We analyze the long-run outcome of markets in which boundedly rational firms with a decreasingreturns to scale technology compete in prices. The behavior of these firms is based on limitation ofsuccess and experimentation. In this framework, we introduce a new approach to model boundedlyrational behavior, based on the idea of behavioral principles, i.e. formal descriptions. Even with thesimplest ones, the result is that the prices announced are a strict refinement of the set of Nashequilibria. With more sophisticated behavioral principles, the long-run outcome corresponds to theconcept of central prices (wich are also Nash equilibria) introduced here. This is a robust andclear-cut prediction wich, under quadratic costs and arbitrary demand, essentially coincides with theWalrasian equilibrium.
|Date of creation:||Jul 1998|
|Publication status:||Published by Ivie|
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- Ana B. Ania & Carlos Alós Ferrer & Fernando Vega Redondo, 1997. "From Walrasian oligopolies to natural monopolyan: An evolutionary model of market structure," Working Papers. Serie AD 1997-24, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
- Carlos Alos-Ferrer & Ana B. Ania & Fernando Vega-Redondo, 1998. "From Walrasian Oligopolies to Natural Monopoly: an Evolutionary Model of Market Structure," CRIEFF Discussion Papers 9805, Centre for Research into Industry, Enterprise, Finance and the Firm.
- Fernando Vega-Redondo, 1997. "The Evolution of Walrasian Behavior," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(2), pages 375-384, March.
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