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Teacher Performance and Accountability Incentives

Author

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  • Hugh Macartney
  • Robert McMillan
  • Uros Petronijevic

Abstract

This paper documents a new empirical regularity: teacher value-added increases within-teacher when accountability incentives are strengthened. That finding motivates a strategy to separate value-added into incentive-varying teacher effort and incentive-invariant teacher ability, combining rich longitudinal data with exogenous incentive-policy variation from North Carolina. Our estimates indicate that teacher effort and ability both raise current and future test scores, with ability having stronger effects. These estimates feed into a framework for comparing the cost-effectiveness of alternative education policies. For illustration, we show incentive-oriented reforms can outperform policies targeting teacher ability, given their potential to influence all teachers rather than a subset.

Suggested Citation

  • Hugh Macartney & Robert McMillan & Uros Petronijevic, 2018. "Teacher Performance and Accountability Incentives," Working Papers tecipa-610, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tor:tecipa:tecipa-610
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    File URL: https://www.economics.utoronto.ca/public/workingPapers/tecipa-610.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Thomas S. Dee & James Wyckoff, 2015. "Incentives, Selection, and Teacher Performance: Evidence from IMPACT," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 34(2), pages 267-297, March.
    2. Hugh Macartney & Robert McMillan & Uros Petronijevic, 2015. "Incentive Design in Education: An Empirical Analysis," NBER Working Papers 21835, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Incentives; Teacher Performance; Value-Added; Effort; Ability; Education Production; Accountability; Education Policy; Cost-Effectiveness; Persistence;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • M52 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Compensation and Compensation Methods and Their Effects

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