IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Le commerce extérieur en valeur ajoutée

Listed author(s):
  • Guillaume Daudin

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Paola Veroni

    (OFCE)

  • Christine Rifflart

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Danielle Schweisguth

    (OFCE)

L’internationalisation croissante de la production et la montée des pays émergents dans le commerce international obligent à adapter les outils d’analyse pour mieux appréhender l’impact des transformations en cours sur le commerce extérieur, les performances sectorielles des pays et, in fine, l’emploi. Depuis près de deux décennies, la croissance du commerce international s’appuie sur le développement des échanges croisés de biens intermédiaires organisés au sein d’une nouvelle division internationale du travail. Le contenu des exportations en consommations intermédiaires importées, ici appelé commerce vertical, tend donc à augmenter. Dès lors, la mesure traditionnelle des flux de marchandises s’appuyant sur la valeur des produits ne permet pas de connaître la contribution réelle de chaque pays et chaque branche au commerce extérieur. Aussi, cette étude propose une mesure du commerce international basée sur les flux de valeur ajoutée. En utilisant une base de données qui fournit les matrices input-output de plus de 80 pays, on reconstruit une maquette mondiale des échanges internationaux en valeur ajoutée, en prenant en compte les effets directs et indirects induits par la variation de la production d’une unité de bien final. Le cas de la France est étudié plus spécifiquement. En 2001, 28 % du commerce international et 29 % du commerce français n’étaient « que » du commerce vertical. La « géographie » du commerce n’est pas énormément modifiée par notre méthode, mais ce n’est pas le cas de la répartition par produits. Les échanges de biens industrialisés incorporent beaucoup de services aux entreprises et de services commerciaux, de communication et de transport. Les travailleurs de ces branches contribuent donc beaucoup plus aux exportations françaises que ne le suggèrent les statistiques de commerce.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/2537/resources/4-98.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/2537.

as
in new window

Length:
Date of creation: Jul 2006
Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2006, pp.129-165
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/2537
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.sciencespo.fr/

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as
in new window


  1. Guillaume Daudin, 2003. "La logistique de la mondialisation," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 87(4), pages 409-435.
  2. Kleinert, Jörn, 2000. "Growing Trade in Intermediate Goods: Outsourcing, Global Sourcing or Increasing Importance of MNE Networks?," Kiel Working Papers 1006, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
  3. David L. Hummels & Dana Rapoport & Kei-Mu Yi, 1998. "Vertical specialization and the changing nature of world trade," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Jun, pages 79-99.
  4. Robert C. Feenstra, 1998. "Integration of Trade and Disintegration of Production in the Global Economy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(4), pages 31-50, Fall.
  5. Andrew K. Rose, 1991. "Why Has Trade Grown Faster than Income?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 24(2), pages 417-427, May.
  6. Shoven,John B. & Whalley,John, 1992. "Applying General Equilibrium," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521266550, December.
  7. Paul Krugman, 1995. "Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 327-377.
  8. Nijkamp, Peter & Wang, Shunli & Kremers, Hans, 2005. "Modeling the impacts of international climate change policies in a CGE context: The use of the GTAP-E model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 955-974, December.
  9. Gordon H. Hanson & Raymond J. Mataloni & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2005. "Vertical Production Networks in Multinational Firms," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(4), pages 664-678, November.
  10. Kei-Mu Yi, 2003. "Can Vertical Specialization Explain the Growth of World Trade?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(1), pages 52-102, February.
  11. Hummels, David & Ishii, Jun & Yi, Kei-Mu, 2001. "The nature and growth of vertical specialization in world trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 75-96, June.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/2537. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Spire @ Sciences Po Library)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.