IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/spo/wpmain/infohdl2441-2537.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Le commerce extérieur en valeur ajoutée

Author

Listed:
  • Guillaume Daudin
  • Paola Veroni

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Christine Rifflart

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Danielle Schweisguth

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

L’internationalisation croissante de la production et la montée des pays émergents dans le commerce international obligent à adapter les outils d’analyse pour mieux appréhender l’impact des transformations en cours sur le commerce extérieur, les performances sectorielles des pays et, in fine, l’emploi. Depuis près de deux décennies, la croissance du commerce international s’appuie sur le développement des échanges croisés de biens intermédiaires organisés au sein d’une nouvelle division internationale du travail. Le contenu des exportations en consommations intermédiaires importées, ici appelé commerce vertical, tend donc à augmenter. Dès lors, la mesure traditionnelle des flux de marchandises s’appuyant sur la valeur des produits ne permet pas de connaître la contribution réelle de chaque pays et chaque branche au commerce extérieur. Aussi, cette étude propose une mesure du commerce international basée sur les flux de valeur ajoutée. En utilisant une base de données qui fournit les matrices input-output de plus de 80 pays, on reconstruit une maquette mondiale des échanges internationaux en valeur ajoutée, en prenant en compte les effets directs et indirects induits par la variation de la production d’une unité de bien final. Le cas de la France est étudié plus spécifiquement. En 2001, 28 % du commerce international et 29 % du commerce français n’étaient « que » du commerce vertical. La « géographie » du commerce n’est pas énormément modifiée par notre méthode, mais ce n’est pas le cas de la répartition par produits. Les échanges de biens industrialisés incorporent beaucoup de services aux entreprises et de services commerciaux, de communication et de transport. Les travailleurs de ces branches contribuent donc beaucoup plus aux exportations françaises que ne le suggèrent les statistiques de commerce.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume Daudin & Paola Veroni & Christine Rifflart & Danielle Schweisguth, 2006. "Le commerce extérieur en valeur ajoutée," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/2537, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/2537
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/2537/resources/2006-07-daudin-le-commerce-exterieur-en-valeur-ajoutee.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Guillaume Daudin, 2003. "La logistique de la mondialisation," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 87(4), pages 409-435.
    2. David L. Hummels & Dana Rapoport & Kei-Mu Yi, 1998. "Vertical specialization and the changing nature of world trade," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Jun, pages 79-99.
    3. Robert C. Feenstra, 1998. "Integration of Trade and Disintegration of Production in the Global Economy," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(4), pages 31-50, Fall.
    4. Andrew K. Rose, 1991. "Why Has Trade Grown Faster than Income?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 24(2), pages 417-427, May.
    5. Shoven,John B. & Whalley,John, 1992. "Applying General Equilibrium," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521266550, April.
    6. Paul Krugman, 1995. "Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 327-377.
    7. Nijkamp, Peter & Wang, Shunli & Kremers, Hans, 2005. "Modeling the impacts of international climate change policies in a CGE context: The use of the GTAP-E model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 955-974, December.
    8. Gordon H. Hanson & Raymond J. Mataloni & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2005. "Vertical Production Networks in Multinational Firms," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 87(4), pages 664-678, November.
    9. Kei-Mu Yi, 2003. "Can Vertical Specialization Explain the Growth of World Trade?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(1), pages 52-102, February.
    10. Hummels, David & Ishii, Jun & Yi, Kei-Mu, 2001. "The nature and growth of vertical specialization in world trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 75-96, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Escaith, Hubert, 2008. "Measuring trade in value added in the new industrial economy: statistical implications," MPRA Paper 14454, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Escaith, Hubert & Gonguet, Fabien, 2009. "International Trade and Real Transmission Channels of Financial Shocks in Globalized Production Networks," MPRA Paper 15558, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Escaith, Hubert & Gaudin, Hadrien, 2014. "Clustering Value-Added Trade: Structural and Policy Dimensions," MPRA Paper 57276, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Antoine Bouveret & Sana Mestiri & Henri Sterdyniak, 2006. "The Renminbi Equilibrium Exchange Rate: an agnostic view," Sciences Po publications 2006-13, Sciences Po.
    5. Hubert Escaith, 2014. "Mapping global value chains and measuring trade in tasks," Chapters,in: Asia and Global Production Networks, chapter 9, pages 287-337 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Escaith, Hubert, 2009. "Trade Collapse, Trade Relapse and Global Production Networks: Supply Chains in the Great Recession," MPRA Paper 18433, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Guillaume Daudin & Christine Rifflart & Danielle Schweisguth, 2011. "Who produces for whom in the world economy?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 44(4), pages 1403-1437, November.
    8. Guillaume Daudin & Christine Rifflart & Danielle Schweisguth, 2008. "Value-Added Trade and Regionalization. GTAP Eleventh Annual Conference 'Future of Global Economy', Helsinki, Finland," Post-Print hal-01065996, HAL.
    9. R. Cezar & A. Duguet & G. Gaulier & V. Vicard, 2017. "Competition for Global Value Added: Export and Domestic Market Shares," Working papers 628, Banque de France.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    commerce extérieur; échanges mondiaux;

    JEL classification:

    • F19 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Other

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/2537. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Spire @ Sciences Po Library). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/ecspofr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.