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Le commerce extérieur en valeur ajoutée

  • Guillaume Daudin
  • Paola Monperrus-Veroni
  • Christine Rifflart
  • Danielle Schweisguth

This paper examines the statistical consequences of the rise of vertical trade. It makes usual trade statistics misleading as a measure of the contribution of each industry and each country to the international division of labour. This paper uses input-output tables and trade tables from the GTAP database to compute trade statistics in value-added. It does that by excluding vertical trade and dispatching the value-added incorporated in other trade flows to their proper industry and country. In 2001, 28% of world trade and 29% of French trade were vertical trade. The method does not change the geography of trade much. It changes the relative involvement of different industries, as industrial trade flows incorporate important service inputs. Business services, trade, communication and transport have a more important positive contribution to the French trade balance than the usual data suggest. JEL Code: F19.

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): 98 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 129-165

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_098_0129
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-de-l-ofce.htm

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  1. David Hummels & Jun Ishii & Kei-Mu Yi, 1999. "The nature and growth of vertical specialization in world trade," Staff Reports 72, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  2. Robert Feenstra, 2003. "Integration Of Trade And Disintegration Of Production In The Global Economy," Working Papers 986, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  3. Kei-Mu Yi, 2000. "Can vertical specialization explain the growth of world trade?," Staff Reports 96, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  4. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521266550 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Guillaume Daudin, 2003. "La logistique de la mondialisation," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/688, Sciences Po.
  6. Nijkamp, Peter & Wang, Shunli & Kremers, Hans, 2005. "Modeling the impacts of international climate change policies in a CGE context: The use of the GTAP-E model," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 955-974, December.
  7. Jörn Kleinert, 2000. "Growing Trade in Intermediate Goods: Outsourcing, Global Sourcing or Increasing Importance of MNE Networks?," Kiel Working Papers 1006, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  8. David Hummels & Dana Rapoport & Kei-Mu Yi, 1998. "Vertical specialization and the changing nature of world trade," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Jun, pages 79-99.
  9. Andrew K. Rose, 1991. "Why Has Trade Grown Faster than Income?," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 24(2), pages 417-27, May.
  10. Gordon H. Hanson & Raymond J. Mataloni & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2003. "Vertical Production Networks in Multinational Firms," NBER Working Papers 9723, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Paul Krugman, 1995. "Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 327-377.
  12. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521319867 is not listed on IDEAS
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