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Clustering value-added trade: Structural and policy dimensions

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  • Escaith, Hubert
  • Gaudin, Hadrien

Abstract

A second approach focuses on the relationships existing between the variables themselves, using multi-criteria and graph analysis. Natural resources endowments, on the one hand, and services orientation, on the other one, are among the most determinant variables for defining Trade in Value Added (TiVA) clusters. The level of economic development remains a crucial determinant of the TiVA profile as is the size of the economy, even if not as important as initially expected. Pro-active GVC up-grading strategies, such as investments in ICT and R&D tend to foster a higher foreign content in exports, compensating the lower domestic margin by higher volumes. Inward-oriented protectionist policies are not particularly successful in exporting higher share of domestic content, except in services exports; but in this case, export volumes remain marginal.

Suggested Citation

  • Escaith, Hubert & Gaudin, Hadrien, 2014. "Clustering value-added trade: Structural and policy dimensions," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2014-08, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:wtowps:ersd201408
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Robert Koopman & Zhi Wang & Shang-Jin Wei, 2014. "Tracing Value-Added and Double Counting in Gross Exports," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(2), pages 459-494, February.
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    4. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/2537 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Diakantoni, Antonia & Escaith, Hubert, 2014. "Trade in tasks, tariff policy and effective protection rates," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2014-22, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    6. Diakantoni, Antonia & Escaith, Hubert, 2009. "Mapping the tariff waters," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2009-13, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    7. Hubert Escaith, 2014. "Mapping global value chains and measuring trade in tasks," Chapters,in: Asia and Global Production Networks, chapter 9, pages 287-337 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Guillaume Daudin & Paola Monperrus-Veroni & Christine Rifflart & Danielle Schweisguth, 2006. "Le commerce extérieur en valeur ajoutée," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 98(3), pages 129-165.
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    Cited by:

    1. Escaith, Hubert, 2016. "Revisiting growth accounting from a trade in value-added perspective," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2016-01, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    2. Diakantoni, Antonia & Escaith, Hubert, 2014. "Trade in tasks, tariff policy and effective protection rates," MPRA Paper 60675, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Escaith, Hubert, 2014. "Exploring the policy dimensions of trade in value-added," MPRA Paper 59891, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 08 Nov 2014.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    trade in value-added; global value chains; trade policy; input-output analysis; effective protection rate; exploratory data analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy

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