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"Made in China" - How Does it Affect Measures of Competitiveness?

Author

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  • Konstantins Benkovskis

    (Bank of Latvia)

  • Julia Woerz

Abstract

We propose a comprehensive analysis of a country's price and non-price competitiveness that accounts for changes in the value added content of trade by combining two datasets – highly disaggregated trade data from UN Comtrade and internationally integrated supply and use tables from the WIOD. When we focus attention on the traditional measure of gross exports of goods, the analysis shows that advanced economies lost non-price competitiveness relative to emerging economies over the period from 1995 to 2011. This picture changes when the fragmentation of production is considered. We find that the relative quality of production from the US, Canada, Germany and the UK, when tracing value added in exports, remained unchanged or even increased over this period. Likewise, the seemingly unchanged or improving relative quality of Brazil, Russia and India's export goods largely arose from outsourcing rather than from improvements in the quality of domestic production. However, gains in Chinese non-price competitiveness remain impressive even after accounting for global value chain integration.

Suggested Citation

  • Konstantins Benkovskis & Julia Woerz, 2014. ""Made in China" - How Does it Affect Measures of Competitiveness?," Working Papers 2014/04, Latvijas Banka.
  • Handle: RePEc:ltv:wpaper:201404
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    Cited by:

    1. João Amador & Sónia Cabral, 2017. "Networks of Value-added Trade," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(7), pages 1291-1313, July.
    2. Klaus Vondra, 2014. "Austria Holds Intra-EU Export Market Shares almost Constant despite Difficult Economic Environment," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 54-74.
    3. Doris Ritzberger-Grünwald & Josef Schreiner & Julia Wörz, 2017. "Competitiveness of CESEE EU Member States: recent trends and prospects," Focus on European Economic Integration, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q3/17, pages 31-41.
    4. Alberto Felettigh & Giacomo Oddo, 2016. "Market shares in manufacturing value-added: is the picture different?," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 336, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    5. Martina Basarac Sertić & Anita Čeh Časni & Valentina Vučković, 2017. "The impact of China's imports on European Union industrial employment," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 25(1), pages 91-109, January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    value added content of trade; fragmentation; non-price competitiveness; China; BRIC; G7;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L15 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Information and Product Quality
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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