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Mapping the Tariff Waters

  • Diakantoni, Antonia
  • Escaith, Hubert

Tariff water –the difference between bound and applied duties– provides relevant information on domestic trade policy and WTO trade negotiations. This paper examines the general and sectoral tariff structure of 120 economies, using exploratory data analysis. The analysis identifies the countries having similar overall structures across sectors, then analyses the specific patterns for each particular product sector. Finally, the degree of influence of countries' regional and socio-economic characteristics on their tariff structure is evaluated. A first element of conclusion is that tariff policies seem to protect more the labour intensive sectors, with some variations in the case of agriculture, rather than pursuing traditional protectionist industrial policies through "effective protection". A second element of conclusion is that the distinction between developing and developed countries is broadly relevant to characterize tariff policies, but not overly determinant.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18960/1/MPRA_paper_18960.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 18960.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:18960
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  1. Gibson, Paul R. & Wainio, John & Whitley, Daniel B. & Bohman, Mary, 2001. "Profiles Of Tariffs In Global Agricultural Markets," Agricultural Economics Reports 34055, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  2. Joseph Francois & Will Martin & Vlad Manole, 2005. "Choosing formulas for market access negotiations: efficiency and market access considerations," Chapters, in: Trade Policy Reforms and Development, chapter 5 Edward Elgar.
  3. Yvan Decreux & Lionel Fontagné, 2011. "Economic Impact of Potential Outcome of the DDA," Working Papers 2011-23, CEPII research center.
  4. repec:dgr:uvatin:20030060 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Fontagné, Lionel & Guérin, Jean-Louis & Jean, Sébastien, 2005. "Market Access Liberalisation in the Doha Round : Scenarios and Assessment," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/6498, Paris Dauphine University.
  6. Francois, Joseph & Martin, Will, 2002. "Commercial Policy Variability, Bindings and Market Access," CEPR Discussion Papers 3294, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Valeria Costantini & Riccardo Crescenzi & Fabrizio De Filippis & Luca Salvatici, 2007. "Bargaining Coalitions in the WTO Agricultural Negotiations," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(5), pages 863-891, 05.
  8. Francois, Joseph & van Meijl, Hans & van Tongeren, Frank, 2003. "Trade Liberalization and Developing Countries Under the Doha Round," CEPR Discussion Papers 4032, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Mohamed Hedi Bchir & Sébastien Jean & David Laborde, 2005. "Binding Overhang and Tariff-Cutting Formulas," Working Papers 2005-18, CEPII research center.
  10. repec:dgr:uvatin:2003060 is not listed on IDEAS
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