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Mapping the Tariff Waters

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  • Diakantoni, Antonia
  • Escaith, Hubert

Abstract

Tariff water –the difference between bound and applied duties– provides relevant information on domestic trade policy and WTO trade negotiations. This paper examines the general and sectoral tariff structure of 120 economies, using exploratory data analysis. The analysis identifies the countries having similar overall structures across sectors, then analyses the specific patterns for each particular product sector. Finally, the degree of influence of countries' regional and socio-economic characteristics on their tariff structure is evaluated. A first element of conclusion is that tariff policies seem to protect more the labour intensive sectors, with some variations in the case of agriculture, rather than pursuing traditional protectionist industrial policies through "effective protection". A second element of conclusion is that the distinction between developing and developed countries is broadly relevant to characterize tariff policies, but not overly determinant.

Suggested Citation

  • Diakantoni, Antonia & Escaith, Hubert, 2009. "Mapping the Tariff Waters," MPRA Paper 18960, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:18960
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18960/1/MPRA_paper_18960.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/6498 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Valeria Costantini & Riccardo Crescenzi & Fabrizio De Filippis & Luca Salvatici, 2007. "Bargaining Coalitions in the WTO Agricultural Negotiations," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(5), pages 863-891, May.
    3. Gibson, Paul R. & Wainio, John & Whitley, Daniel B. & Bohman, Mary, 2001. "Profiles Of Tariffs In Global Agricultural Markets," Agricultural Economics Reports 34055, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    4. Joseph Francois & Will Martin & Vlad Manole, 2005. "Choosing formulas for market access negotiations: efficiency and market access considerations," Chapters,in: Trade Policy Reforms and Development, chapter 5 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Francois, Joseph & van Meijl, Hans & van Tongeren, Frank, 2003. "Trade Liberalization and Developing Countries Under the Doha Round," CEPR Discussion Papers 4032, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Francois, Joseph F. & Martin, Will, 2004. "Commercial policy variability, bindings, and market access," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 665-679, June.
    7. Yvan Decreux & Lionel Fontagné, 2011. "Economic Impact of Potential Outcome of the DDA," Working Papers 2011-23, CEPII research center.
    8. Lionel Fontagné & Jean-Louis Guérin & Sébastien Jean, 2005. "Market Access Liberalisation in the Doha Round: Scenarios and Assessment," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(8), pages 1073-1094, August.
    9. Mohamed Hedi Bchir & Sébastien Jean & David Laborde, 2006. "Binding Overhang and Tariff-Cutting Formulas," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 142(2), pages 207-232, July.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Mapping the Tariff Waters
      by Ariel Goldring in Free Market Mojo on 2010-01-15 18:03:58

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Escaith, Hubert & Gaudin, Hadrien, 2014. "Clustering Value-Added Trade: Structural and Policy Dimensions," MPRA Paper 57276, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Kyle Bagwell & Robert W. Staiger, 2013. "Can the Doha Round Be a Development Round? Setting a Place at the Table," NBER Chapters,in: Globalization in an Age of Crisis: Multilateral Economic Cooperation in the Twenty-First Century, pages 91-124 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Escaith, Hubert & Tamenu, Bekele, 2013. "Least-Developed Countries' Trade During the "Super-Cycle" and the Great Trade Collapse: Patterns and Stylized Facts," MPRA Paper 51997, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Diakantoni, Antonia & Escaith, Hubert, 2012. "Reassessing effective protection rates in a trade in tasks perspective: Evolution of trade policy in "Factory Asia"," MPRA Paper 41723, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Commercial Policy; Taxation; Tariff Duty; GATT-WTO; International Trade Agreements; MFN; Bound Tariff; Tariff Water.;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue

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