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Délocalisations et concurrence des pays émergents : mesurer l'effet sur l'emploi en France

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  • Guillaume Daudin
  • Sandrine Levasseur

Abstract

From 1980 to 2002, French industry lost 1,450,000 jobs. The growth of imports from emerging countries suggests that trade with them might be the culprit. First, however, one must correct the raw employment loss number from the effect of the rise of temporary work and domestic outsourcing: thus corrected, the industrial job loss is reduced to 1,095,000. Offshore relocations to emerging countries are not well measured. They have entailed only 45,000 job losses between 1995 and 2001. Second, the paper reviews the evaluations of job losses linked to trade with emerging countries in general. Three methods have been used: the job content of trade, econometric studies and macro-economic models. None is fully satisfying. They indicate that there would be between 150,000 and 300,000 additional industrial jobs in France but for the rise of trade with emerging countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume Daudin & Sandrine Levasseur, 2005. "Délocalisations et concurrence des pays émergents : mesurer l'effet sur l'emploi en France," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 94(3), pages 131-160.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_094_0131
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 1994. "L'émergence de l'Asie en développement menace-t-elle l'emploi en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(1), pages 55-106.
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    4. Trefler, Daniel & Zhu, Susan Chun, 2010. "The structure of factor content predictions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 195-207, November.
    5. Olivier Cortès & Sébastien Jean, 1997. "Quel est l'impact du commerce extérieur sur la productivité et l'emploi ?," Working Papers 1997-08, CEPII research center.
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    7. Benjamin Carton & Karine Hervé & Nadia Terfous, 2005. "Interventions de change asiatiques et taux de change d'équilibre," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 168(2), pages 141-147.
    8. Jérôme Letournel, 2004. "Les délocalisations dactivités tertiaires dans le monde et en France," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 166(5), pages 137-144.
    9. Hervé Bonnaz & Nathalie Courtot & Dominique Nivat, 1994. "Le contenu en emplois des échanges industriels de la France avec les pays en développement," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 279(1), pages 13-33.
    10. Stéphane Guimbert & François Lévy-Bruhl, 2002. "La situation de l'emploi en France face aux échanges internationaux," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 152(1), pages 189-206.
    11. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7907 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Biscourp, Pierre & Kramarz, Francis, 2007. "Employment, skill structure and international trade: Firm-level evidence for France," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 22-51, May.
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    15. Vanessa Strauss-Kahn, 2004. "The Role of Globalization in the Within-Industry Shift Away from Unskilled Workers in France," NBER Chapters,in: Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics, pages 209-234 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Guillaume Daudin & Jean-Luc Gaffard & Francesco Saraceno, 2007. "Ordre et désordre dans l'échange international. Une revue de littérature," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 100(1), pages 143-174.
    2. repec:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/6n1ku7qsod9fd8j61g93fvgcr5 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Lionel Nesta, 2010. "Commentaire : Désindustrialisation ou mutation industrielle ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 438(1), pages 297-301.

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