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Délocalisations et concurrence des pays émergents : mesurer l'effet sur l'emploi en France

Listed author(s):
  • Guillaume Daudin
  • Sandrine Levasseur

From 1980 to 2002, French industry lost 1,450,000 jobs. The growth of imports from emerging countries suggests that trade with them might be the culprit. First, however, one must correct the raw employment loss number from the effect of the rise of temporary work and domestic outsourcing: thus corrected, the industrial job loss is reduced to 1,095,000. Offshore relocations to emerging countries are not well measured. They have entailed only 45,000 job losses between 1995 and 2001. Second, the paper reviews the evaluations of job losses linked to trade with emerging countries in general. Three methods have been used: the job content of trade, econometric studies and macro-economic models. None is fully satisfying. They indicate that there would be between 150,000 and 300,000 additional industrial jobs in France but for the rise of trade with emerging countries.

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Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): 94 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 131-160

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Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_094_0131
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-de-l-ofce.htm

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  1. Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 1994. "L'émergence de l'Asie en développement menace-t-elle l'emploi en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(1), pages 55-106.
  2. Sébastien Jean, 2002. "L'impact du commerce international sur l'élasticité-prix de la demande de travail," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(1), pages 17-28.
  3. Sandrine Levasseur, 2002. "Investissements directs à l'étranger et stratégies des entreprises multinationales," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(5), pages 103-152.
  4. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7907 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Biscourp, Pierre & Kramarz, Francis, 2007. "Employment, skill structure and international trade: Firm-level evidence for France," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 22-51, May.
  6. Trefler, Daniel & Zhu, Susan Chun, 2010. "The structure of factor content predictions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 195-207, November.
  7. Olivier Cortès & Sébastien Jean, 1997. "Quel est l'impact du commerce extérieur sur la productivité et l'emploi ?," Working Papers 1997-08, CEPII research center.
  8. Frankel, Jeffrey, 2004. "On the Renminbi: The Choice between Adjustment under a Fixed Exchange Rate and Adustment under a Flexible Rate," Working Paper Series rwp04-037, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  9. Patrick Messerlin, 1995. "The Impact of Trade and Capital Movements on Labour: Evidence on the French Case," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/7907, Sciences Po.
  10. Dominique Goux & Eric Maurin, 2000. "The Decline In Demand For Unskilled Labor: An Empirical Analysis Method And Its Application To France," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(4), pages 596-607, November.
  11. Benjamin Carton & Karine Hervé & Nadia Terfous, 2005. "Interventions de change asiatiques et taux de change d'équilibre," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 168(2), pages 141-147.
  12. Jérôme Letournel, 2004. "Les délocalisations dactivités tertiaires dans le monde et en France," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 166(5), pages 137-144.
  13. Hervé Bonnaz & Nathalie Courtot & Dominique Nivat, 1994. "Le contenu en emplois des échanges industriels de la France avec les pays en développement," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 279(1), pages 13-33.
  14. Vanessa Strauss-Kahn, 2004. "The Role of Globalization in the Within-Industry Shift Away from Unskilled Workers in France," NBER Chapters,in: Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics, pages 209-234 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Stéphane Guimbert & François Lévy-Bruhl, 2002. "La situation de l'emploi en France face aux échanges internationaux," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 152(1), pages 189-206.
  16. Stephen Bazen & Jean-Marie Cardebat, 2001. "The impact of trade on the relative wages and employment of low skill workers in France," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(6), pages 801-810.
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