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A Tool to Optimize the Initial Distribution of Hydrogen Filling Stations

  • Malte Schwoon

    ()

    (Statkraft, Duesseldorf)

An important barrier towards the introduction of fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) running on hydrogen is the lack of widespread refueling infrastructure. The niche of buses for public transport, taxis and deliverers with a local application area might not be large enough to generate the reductions of FCV costs that are necessary for a general technology switch. Thus, fuel availability at trunk roads probably plays a crucial role in generating demand for FCVs also from private consumers. In this paper we assume that consumers are more likely to consider buying a FCV the more frequently they are exposed to hydrogen refueling opportunities on long distant trips. We introduce a tool to test different small scale initial distributions of hydrogen outlets within the German trunk road system for their potential success to generate a large scale adoption of FCVs. The tool makes use of agent based trip modeling and Geographic Information System (GIS) supported spatial modeling. We demonstrate its potentials by testing a ring shaped distribution of hydrogen outlets at highway filling stations. We find that the structure of an optimized initial distribution of filling stations depends on what drivers consider a sufficiently small distance between refueling opportunities.

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File URL: http://www.fnu.zmaw.de/fileadmin/fnu-files/publication/working-papers/WP-FNU-112FCV_learning_by_doing.pdf
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Paper provided by Research unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University in its series Working Papers with number FNU-110.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2006
Date of revision: Jun 2006
Handle: RePEc:sgc:wpaper:110
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