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The Import of “cultural goods” and emigration: an unexplored relation

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  • Mauro Lanati
  • Alessandra Venturini

Abstract

The paper examines the effect of the import of cultural goods as defined by UNESCO (2009): cultural heritage, performance, visual arts, books, audio-visual material and design on emigration decisions. The import of cultural goods, by affecting individual preferences, reduces the cost of any migration move and favors outflows towards exporting countries. A gravity model for 33 OECD destination countries and 184 sending ones has been estimated for the period 2009-2013. The issue of identification and endogeneity has been addressed through the inclusion of a comprehensive set of fixed effects and by instrumenting cultural imports with past flows and an imputed share of cultural imports à la Card (2001). The positive relationship is robust across different classifications for cultural goods, areas of destination and alternative econometric techniques

Suggested Citation

  • Mauro Lanati & Alessandra Venturini, 2017. "The Import of “cultural goods” and emigration: an unexplored relation," RSCAS Working Papers 2017/24, European University Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:rsc:rsceui:2017/24
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; trade in cultural goods; gravity model;

    JEL classification:

    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General

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