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Institutional Factors, Sport Policy, and Individual Sport Participation: An International Comparison

Author

Listed:
  • Humphreys, Brad

    () (University of Alberta, Department of Economics)

  • Maresova, Katerina

    () (University of Economics, Prague)

  • Ruseski, Jane

    () (University of Alberta, Department of Economics)

Abstract

Many countries promote participation in sport and physical activity among its citizens. We undertake an international comparative analysis of participation using data from 34 countries in the 2007 International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) Leisure Time and Sports module, augmented with country-specific characteristics capturing economic, demographic, and institutional factors. Our findings indicate that participation in sport and physical activity falls with age and rises with education and income. GDP per capita and economic freedom are associated with higher participation; past success of the national team in the Olympics and hosting sports mega-events are associated with lower participation.

Suggested Citation

  • Humphreys, Brad & Maresova, Katerina & Ruseski, Jane, 2012. "Institutional Factors, Sport Policy, and Individual Sport Participation: An International Comparison," Working Papers 2012-1, University of Alberta, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:albaec:2012_001
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    File URL: https://sites.ualberta.ca/~econwps/2012/wp2012-01.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Pawlowski, Tim & Downward, Paul & Rasciute, Simona, 2014. "Does national pride from international sporting success contribute to well-being? An international investigation," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 121-132.
    2. Cabane Charlotte & Lechner Michael, 2015. "Physical Activity of Adults: A Survey of Correlates, Determinants, and Effects," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 235(4-5), pages 376-402, August.
    3. O’Reilly, Norm & Berger, Ida E. & Hernandez, Tony & Parent, Milena M. & Séguin, Benoit, 2015. "Urban sportscapes: An environmental deterministic perspective on the management of youth sport participation," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 291-307.
    4. Mutter, Felix & Pawlowski, Tim, 2014. "Role models in sports – Can success in professional sports increase the demand for amateur sport participation?," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 324-336.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sport; physical activity; institutions; economic freedom;

    JEL classification:

    • H59 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Other
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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