Institutional Factors, Sport Policy, and Individual Sport Participation: An International Comparison
Many countries promote participation in sport and physical activity among its citizens. We undertake an international comparative analysis of participation using data from 34 countries in the 2007 International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) Leisure Time and Sports module, augmented with country-specific characteristics capturing economic, demographic, and institutional factors. Our findings indicate that participation in sport and physical activity falls with age and rises with education and income. GDP per capita and economic freedom are associated with higher participation; past success of the national team in the Olympics and hosting sports mega-events are associated with lower participation.
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