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Income Distribution in Network Markets

  • Corrado Benassi

    ()

    (Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, Italy; The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, Italy)

  • Marcella Scrimitore

    ()

    (Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Economia, Università del Salento, Italy; The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, Italy)

We enquiry about the effects of first and second order stochastic dominance shifts of the distribution of the consumers’ willingness to pay, within the standard model of a market with network externalities and hump-shaped demand curve. This issue is analyzed in the polar cases of perfect competition and monopoly. We find that, while under perfect competition both types of distributional changes result in higher output, provided marginal costs are low enough, in the monopoly case the final outcome depends on the way income distribution and the network externality interact in determining market demand elasticity.

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Paper provided by The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis in its series Working Paper Series with number 13_13.

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Date of creation: Jan 2013
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Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:13_13
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  10. Menzie D. Chinn & Robert W. Fairlie, 2006. "ICT Use in the Developing World: An Analysis of Differences in Computer and Internet Penetration," Working Papers 06-03, NET Institute, revised Sep 2006.
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  12. Corrado Benassi & Alessandra Chirco & Marcella Scrimitore, 2002. "Income concentration and market demand," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 54(4), pages 584-596, October.
  13. Irina Suleymanova & Christian Wey, 2012. "On the role of consumer expectations in markets with network effects," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 105(2), pages 101-127, March.
  14. Esteban, Joan M, 1986. "Income-Share Elasticity and the Size Distribution of Income," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 27(2), pages 439-44, June.
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  17. Farrell, Joseph & Klemperer, Paul, 2006. "Coordination and Lock-In: Competition with Switching Costs and Network Effects," Competition Policy Center, Working Paper Series qt9n26k7v1, Competition Policy Center, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
  18. Economides, Nicholas, 1996. "Network externalities, complementarities, and invitations to enter," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 211-233, September.
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  20. Maria Alipranti & Emmanuel Petrakis, 2012. "Comparative Advertising in Markets with Network Externalities," Working Papers 1306, University of Crete, Department of Economics, revised 08 May 2013.
  21. Corrado Benassi & Alessandra Chirco, 2004. "Income Distribution, Price Elasticity and the 'Robinson Effect'," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 72(5), pages 591-600, 09.
  22. Luis Cabral, 2007. "Dynamic Price Competition with Network Effects," 2007 Meeting Papers 326, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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  24. Jong-Hee Hahn, 2001. "The Welfare Effect of Quality Degradation in the Presence of Network Externalities," Keele Department of Economics Discussion Papers (1995-2001) 2001/08, Department of Economics, Keele University, revised Feb 2003.
  25. Ari Hyytinen & Otto Toivanen, 2011. "Income Inequality and Technology Diffusion: Evidence from Developing Countries," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 113, pages 364-387, 06.
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  27. Makoto Yano & Fumio Dei, 2006. "Network externalities, discrete demand shifts, and submarginal-cost pricing," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 39(2), pages 455-476, May.
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