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Australia's Prosperous 2000s: Housing and the Mining Boom

Author

Listed:
  • Jonathan Kearns

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

  • Philip Lowe

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

Abstract

The 2000s was a particularly eventful decade for both the international and Australian economies. There were: two recessions in many countries; the largest international financial crisis since the Great Depression; the ongoing rapid development of Asia; asset booms and busts; and, Australia experienced the longest sustained increase in commodity prices and the terms of trade in the nation's history. This paper provides an overview of the Australian economy's performance in the decade. Several key topics are elaborated on, including the development of Asia and implications for Australia, policy frameworks, and the opportunities and challenges facing the Australian economy, with a particular focus on the expansion of household balance sheets and the rapid growth in the mining economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Jonathan Kearns & Philip Lowe, 2011. "Australia's Prosperous 2000s: Housing and the Mining Boom," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2011-07, Reserve Bank of Australia.
  • Handle: RePEc:rba:rbardp:rdp2011-07
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    File URL: https://www.rba.gov.au/publications/rdp/2011/pdf/rdp2011-07.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Guy Debelle & Michael Plumb, 2006. "The Evolution of Exchange Rate Policy and Capital Controls in Australia," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 5(2), pages 7-29, Spring/Su.
    2. Paul Bloxham & Christopher Kent & Michael Robson, 2010. "Asset Prices, Credit Growth, Monetary and Other Policies: An Australian Case Study," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2010-06, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    3. David Gruen & Amanda Sayegh, 2005. "The Evolution of Fiscal Policy in Australia," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press and Oxford Review of Economic Policy Limited, vol. 21(4), pages 618-635, Winter.
    4. Judith Yates, 2011. "Housing in Australia in the 2000s: On the Agenda Too Late?," RBA Annual Conference Volume (Discontinued), in: Hugo Gerard & Jonathan Kearns (ed.),The Australian Economy in the 2000s, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    5. Heiko Steffens, 2010. "OECD. (2009). Promoting Consumer Education—Trends, Policies and Good Practices. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. ISBN 978-92-64-06008-1. 189 pp., 30.00 EUR," Journal of Consumer Policy, Springer, vol. 33(3), pages 291-292, September.
    6. Ross Garnaut, 2005. "Is Macroeconomics Dead? Monetary and Fiscal Policy in Historical Context," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press and Oxford Review of Economic Policy Limited, vol. 21(4), pages 524-531, Winter.
    7. Luci Ellis, 2006. "Housing and Housing Finance: The View from Australia and Beyond," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2006-12, Reserve Bank of Australia.
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    Cited by:

    1. Daniel M. Rees & Penelope Smith & Jamie Hall, 2016. "A Multi-sector Model of the Australian Economy," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 92(298), pages 374-408, September.
    2. Knop, Stephen J. & Vespignani, Joaquin L., 2014. "The sectorial impact of commodity price shocks in Australia," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 257-271.
    3. Knop, Stephen J & Vespignani, Joaquin L., 2014. "Industrial Impact of Commodity Price Shocks in Australia," MPRA Paper 104678, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Daniel Rees, 2013. "Terms of Trade Shocks and Incomplete Information," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2013-09, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    5. Ellis Connolly & Jarkko Jääskelä & Michelle van der Merwe, 2013. "The Performance of Resource-exporting Economies," RBA Bulletin (Print copy discontinued), Reserve Bank of Australia, pages 19-30, September.
    6. Peter Tulip & Stephanie Wallace, 2012. "Estimates of Uncertainty around the RBA's Forecasts," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2012-07, Reserve Bank of Australia.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Australian macroeconomy; economic performance; household balance sheets; terms of trade; monetary policy; fiscal policy;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy; Modern Monetary Theory
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • N15 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Asia including Middle East
    • N17 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Africa; Oceania

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