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Unpleasant debt dynamics: Can fiscal consolidations raise debt ratios?

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Listed:
  • Gabriela Castro
  • José R. Maria
  • Paulo Júlio
  • Ricardo Mourinho Félix

Abstract

Using PESSOA, a medium-scale DSGE model for a small euro-area economy, we evaluate how fiscal adjustments impact short- and medium-term debt dynamics and output for alternative policy options, and budgetary and economic conditions. Fiscal adjustments may increase the public debt-to-GDP ratio in the short run, even for consolidations carried out in normal times in economies characterized by moderate indebtedness levels. Financial turmoils and hikes in the nationwide risk premia, coupled with high indebtedness levels and stiff fiscal measures, boost the output costs of fiscal consolidations and severely affect their effectiveness in bringing the public debt-to-GDP ratio down in the short term. In the medium run credible fiscal adjustments entail a decline in the public debt ratio, though at potentially very large output losses when carried out under unfavorable budgetary and economic conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabriela Castro & José R. Maria & Paulo Júlio & Ricardo Mourinho Félix, 2015. "Unpleasant debt dynamics: Can fiscal consolidations raise debt ratios?," Working Papers w201501, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w201501
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Unpleasant debt dynamics: Can fiscal consolidations raise debt ratios?
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2015-07-21 02:06:56

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    Cited by:

    1. José R. Maria & Paulo Júlio, 2017. "Output in the Portuguese post-2008 period: A general equilibrium narrative," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    2. José R. Maria & Paulo Júlio, 2017. "The Portuguese post-2008 period: A narrative from an estimated DSGE model," Working Papers w201715, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    3. Vasileios Spyrakis & Stelios Kotsios, 2021. "Public debt dynamics: the interaction with national income and fiscal policy," Journal of Economic Structures, Springer;Pan-Pacific Association of Input-Output Studies (PAPAIOS), vol. 10(1), pages 1-22, December.
    4. Favero, Carlo A. & Mei, Pierfrancesco, 2019. "Austerity and Public debt Dynamics," CEPR Discussion Papers 14072, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. José R. Maria & Paulo Júlio, 2021. "Lessons from a finitely-lived agents structural model," Economic Bulletin and Financial Stability Report Articles and Banco de Portugal Economic Studies, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    6. Cassola, Nuno & Jorge, José, 2016. "The ECB's OMTs: A tale of governments, investors, and the central bank," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 94-116.
    7. Marta Gómez-Puig & Simón Sosvilla-Rivero, 2017. "Public debt and economic growth: Further evidence euro area," IREA Working Papers 201715, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Sep 2017.
    8. Gabriela Castro & José R. Maria & Paulo Júlio & Ricardo Mourinho Félix, 2015. "Financial Fragmentation Shocks," Working Papers w201508, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    9. Imre Ersoy & Talha Yanmaz, 2016. "The Impact of Austerity Measures on Government Borrowing in GIIPS," International Journal of Economics and Finance, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 8(12), pages 106-112, December.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian; Modern Monetary Theory
    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H60 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - General

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