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Financial reforms and credit growth in Nigeria: Empirical insights from ARDL and ECM techniques

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  • Adeleye, Ngozi
  • Osabuohien, Evans
  • Bowale, Ebenezer
  • Matthew, Oluwatoyin
  • Oduntan, Emmanuel

Abstract

In the last 37 years Nigeria has undergone several stages of financial reforms with different impacts on the economy. Hence, this paper empirically analyses the impact of financial reforms on credit growth in Nigeria using annual data from 1980 to 2016. The research work hinges on the theoretical underpinning of the McKinnon-Shaw hypothesis on the relevance of financial reforms in a lagging economy. Analysing the data with autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) error correction representation and bounds testing techniques, we notably find evidence to this hypothesis and state that at higher real interest rate there is increased financial intermediation evidenced by credit growth. Other findings are that in the long-run, financial system deposits, inflation rate and per capita GDP are strong asymmetrical predictors of credit growth and real interest rate (the financial reform indicator) while the short-run relationships are indicator-specific. We further show that a long-run cointegration relationship exists between domestic credit and other covariates and likewise between the real interest rate and its regressors.

Suggested Citation

  • Adeleye, Ngozi & Osabuohien, Evans & Bowale, Ebenezer & Matthew, Oluwatoyin & Oduntan, Emmanuel, 2017. "Financial reforms and credit growth in Nigeria: Empirical insights from ARDL and ECM techniques," MPRA Paper 85351, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:85351
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    Cited by:

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    3. Okoro, Emmanuel E. & Adeleye, Bosede N. & Okoye, Lawrence U. & Maxwell, Omeje, 2021. "Gas flaring, ineffective utilization of energy resource and associated economic impact in Nigeria: Evidence from ARDL and Bayer-Hanck cointegration techniques," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 153(C).
    4. Desire Wade Atchike & Zhen-Yu Zhao & Geriletu Bao, 2020. "The Relationship between Electricity Consumption, Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Growth: Case of Benin," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(4), pages 507-515.
    5. Victoria Okafor & Ebenezer Bowale & Ademola Onabote & Adedeji Afolabi & Jeremiah Ejemeyovwi, 2021. "Financial Deepening and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Johannsen and Error Correction Model Techniques," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 12(2), pages 263-273, April.
    6. Abiola Ayopo Babajide & Lawal Adedoyin Ishola & Adetiloye Kehinde Adekunle & Bede Uzoma Achugamonu & Akinjare Victoria Bosede, 2021. "Financial Sector Reform and Economic Development in Nigeria," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 11(2), pages 160-172, February.
    7. Waqar Badshah & Mehmet Bulut, 2020. "Model Selection Procedures in Bounds Test of Cointegration: Theoretical Comparison and Empirical Evidence," Economies, MDPI, vol. 8(2), pages 1-23, June.
    8. Mostafa A. Ali & Nazimah Hussin & Hossam Haddad & Dina Alkhodary & Ahmad Marei, 2021. "Dynamic Capabilities and Their Impact on Intellectual Capital and Innovation Performance," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(18), pages 1-32, September.
    9. Oluwatoyin A. Matthew & Christian Ede & Romanus Osabohien & Jeremiah Ejemeyovwi & Tunde Ayanda & Joshua Okunbor, 2021. "Interaction Effect of Tourism and Foreign Exchange Earnings on Economic Growth in Nigeria," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 22(1), pages 7-22, February.
    10. Oluwafadekemi S. Areo & Obindah Gershon & Evans Osabuohien, 2020. "Improved Public Services and Tax Compliance of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria: A Generalised Ordered Logistic Regression," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 10(7), pages 833-860, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    autoregressive distributed lag; bounds testing; cointegration; credit growth; financial reform; interest rate;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G19 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Other

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