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Demographic Dividend & Economic Development in Arab Countries

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  • Harkat, Tahar
  • Driouchi, Ahmed

Abstract

The demographic dividend is the window of opportunity provided by changes in the age structure of a population. It occurs because of the decline of both fertility and mortality rates. Data from the World Bank are used for descriptive statistics, regression analyzes with and without robust standard-errors, in addition to performing Granger-Causality tests. The results indicate that estimated time trends for fertility and mortality are significantly decreasing for Arab countries. Findings also indicate that the demographic dividend has occurred in the recent decade in most of Arab countries except for Egypt. This paper shows also the causal links between the dependency ratio (change in the population age structure) and the working age population, unemployment, economic development, government and private expenditures on health and education, education, and female participation in education variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Harkat, Tahar & Driouchi, Ahmed, 2017. "Demographic Dividend & Economic Development in Arab Countries," MPRA Paper 82880, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:82880
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    Cited by:

    1. Harkat, Tahar & Driouchi, Ahmed, 2017. "Demographic Dividend & Economic Development in Easter and Central European Countries," MPRA Paper 83481, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Harkat, Tahar & Driouchi, Ahmed, 2018. "Understanding Youth in Arab Countries:," MPRA Paper 83843, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Harkat, Tahar & Driouchi, Ahmed, 2018. "فهم الشباب في البلدان العربية [Understanding Youth in Arab Countries]," MPRA Paper 84184, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Keywords: Demographic Dividend; Arab Countries; Granger Causality.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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