IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

Piyasa ekonomisine geçiş süreci ve sonrasında Türkiye'de GINI katsayılarının analizi: Alternatif GINI formülü yaklaşımı
[During and after the process of transition to market economy, an analysis of income distribution in Turkey: An alternative GINI formula approach]

Listed author(s):
  • Bilgili, Faik

This study considers the Gini 1 and alternative Gini 2 coefficients for households’ % income shares from 1963 to 2015 in Turkey. Throughout regarding calibrations, one might see that, despite the existence of some deviations from trend and some Gini 1 and Gini 2 coefficients’ differences, (a) there exists an improvement in the distribution of income until 2011, except for the year 2009 when the global crisis was experienced, but an average deterioration in the distribution for 2011-2015 period is experienced, (b) the geographical regions of the Turkish economy reveal different outcomes. For the period 2006-2015, it is observed that in the regions of Istanbul, West Marmara, Central Anatolia and North East Anatolia, the Lorenz curve has moved away from full equilibrium line, but in the regions of Aegean, Eastern Marmara and Eastern Black Sea, on the average, a convergence towards the equilibrium from the Lorenz curve has appeared. In other three regions, the Gini coefficients improve on average in Western Anatolia, Mediterranean and Western Black Sea regions. The Gini coefficients are increasing in the period 2006-2011 in the Middle East Anatolia and falling in 2015. In the South East Anatolia Region, there is no progress in the period 2006-2011, but, there happens to be a recovery in income distribution in 2015.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
File Function: original version
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
File Function: revised version
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
File Function: revised version
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 81043.

in new window

Date of creation: 29 Aug 2017
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:81043
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Ludwigstraße 33, D-80539 Munich, Germany

Phone: +49-(0)89-2180-2459
Fax: +49-(0)89-2180-992459
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Bilgili, Faik, 1999. "Türkiye'de bütçe açıklarının makro ekonomik sonuçları
    [The macroeconomic effects of budget deficits in Turkey]
    ," MPRA Paper 75639, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. David Dequech, 2012. "Post Keynesianism, Heterodoxy and Mainstream Economics," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(2), pages 353-368, April.
  3. Barro, Robert J, 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1095-1117, Nov.-Dec..
  4. Barro, Robert J., 1987. "Government spending, interest rates, prices, and budget deficits in the United Kingdom, 1701-1918," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 221-247, September.
  5. Bilgili, Faik & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2015. "Biomass energy and economic growth nexus in G7 countries: Evidence from dynamic panel data," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 132-138.
  6. Ozturk, Ilhan & Bilgili, Faik, 2015. "Economic growth and biomass consumption nexus: Dynamic panel analysis for Sub-Sahara African countries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 110-116.
  7. David Dequech, 2007. "Neoclassical, mainstream, orthodox, and heterodox economics," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 30(2), pages 279-302, December.
  8. Faik Bilgili, 2016. "City Price Convergence in Turkey with Structural Breaks," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(3), pages 933-941.
  9. Bilgili, Faik, 2012. "The impact of biomass consumption on CO2 emissions: Cointegration analyses with regime shifts," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 5349-5354.
  10. Bilgili, Faik, 1998. "The effects of tax-cuts and government bonds on aggregate demand," MPRA Paper 75606, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Bilgili, Faik, 2001. "The Keynesian-Monetarist Debate on Business Cycles: A Case Study of The Great Depression," MPRA Paper 75539, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Dequech, David, 2009. "Institutions, social norms, and decision-theoretic norms," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 70-78, October.
  13. Bilgili, Faik & Bilgili, Emine, 1998. "Bütçe açığının cari işlemler üzerindeki etkileri: Teori ve uygulama
    [The effects of budget deficit on current account balance: Theory and empirical evidence]
    ," MPRA Paper 80866, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Pesaran, H. Hashem & Shin, Yongcheol, 1998. "Generalized impulse response analysis in linear multivariate models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 17-29, January.
  15. Bilgili, Faik, 2003. "Dynamic implications of fiscal policy: Crowding-out or crowding-in?," MPRA Paper 24111, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Dec 2009.
  16. David Dequech, 2011. "Financial conventions in Keynes's theory: the stock exchange," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 33(3), pages 469-490, April.
  17. Bilgili, Faik, 1993. "Arz iktisadı yaklaşımında nisbi fiyatların etkisi ve Keynezyen sisteme getirilen eleştiriler
    [The impact of relative prices in Supply-Side economics and the criticism of Keynesian system]
    ," MPRA Paper 76002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  18. Bilgili, Faik, 1997. "Testing the Ricardian equivalence theorem in the framework of the permanent income hypothesis," MPRA Paper 75542, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  19. Doğan, İbrahim & Bilgili, Faik, 2014. "The non-linear impact of high and growing government external debt on economic growth: A Markov Regime-switching approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 213-220.
  20. Malcolm Edey, 2009. "The Global Financial Crisis and Its Effects," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 28(3), pages 186-195, 09.
  21. Bilgili, Faik, 2015. "Business cycle co-movements between renewables consumption and industrial production: A continuous wavelet coherence approach," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 325-332.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:81043. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.