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Piyasa ekonomisine geçiş süreci ve sonrasında Türkiye'de GINI katsayılarının analizi: Alternatif GINI formülü yaklaşımı
[During and after the process of transition to market economy, an analysis of income distribution in Turkey: An alternative GINI formula approach]

Author

Listed:
  • Bilgili, Faik

Abstract

This study considers the Gini 1 and alternative Gini 2 coefficients for households’ % income shares from 1963 to 2015 in Turkey. Throughout regarding calibrations, one might see that, despite the existence of some deviations from trend and some Gini 1 and Gini 2 coefficients’ differences, (a) there exists an improvement in the distribution of income until 2011, except for the year 2009 when the global crisis was experienced, but an average deterioration in the distribution for 2011-2015 period is experienced, (b) the geographical regions of the Turkish economy reveal different outcomes. For the period 2006-2015, it is observed that in the regions of Istanbul, West Marmara, Central Anatolia and North East Anatolia, the Lorenz curve has moved away from full equilibrium line, but in the regions of Aegean, Eastern Marmara and Eastern Black Sea, on the average, a convergence towards the equilibrium from the Lorenz curve has appeared. In other three regions, the Gini coefficients improve on average in Western Anatolia, Mediterranean and Western Black Sea regions. The Gini coefficients are increasing in the period 2006-2011 in the Middle East Anatolia and falling in 2015. In the South East Anatolia Region, there is no progress in the period 2006-2011, but, there happens to be a recovery in income distribution in 2015.

Suggested Citation

  • Bilgili, Faik, 2017. "Piyasa ekonomisine geçiş süreci ve sonrasında Türkiye'de GINI katsayılarının analizi: Alternatif GINI formülü yaklaşımı
    [During and after the process of transition to market economy, an analysis of
    ," MPRA Paper 81043, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:81043
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/81538/1/MPRA_paper_81538.pdf
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/81776/1/MPRA_paper_81776.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bilgili, Faik, 1999. "Türkiye'de bütçe açıklarının makro ekonomik sonuçları
      [The macroeconomic effects of budget deficits in Turkey]
      ," MPRA Paper 75639, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. David Dequech, 2012. "Post Keynesianism, Heterodoxy and Mainstream Economics," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(2), pages 353-368, April.
    3. Barro, Robert J, 1974. "Are Government Bonds Net Wealth?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(6), pages 1095-1117, Nov.-Dec..
    4. Bilgili, Faik, 1997. "Testing the Ricardian equivalence theorem in the framework of the permanent income hypothesis," MPRA Paper 75542, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Barro, Robert J., 1987. "Government spending, interest rates, prices, and budget deficits in the United Kingdom, 1701-1918," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 221-247, September.
    6. Doğan, İbrahim & Bilgili, Faik, 2014. "The non-linear impact of high and growing government external debt on economic growth: A Markov Regime-switching approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 213-220.
    7. Bilgili, Faik & Ozturk, Ilhan, 2015. "Biomass energy and economic growth nexus in G7 countries: Evidence from dynamic panel data," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 132-138.
    8. Ozturk, Ilhan & Bilgili, Faik, 2015. "Economic growth and biomass consumption nexus: Dynamic panel analysis for Sub-Sahara African countries," Applied Energy, Elsevier, pages 110-116.
    9. Malcolm Edey, 2009. "The Global Financial Crisis and Its Effects," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 28(3), pages 186-195, September.
    10. David Dequech, 2007. "Neoclassical, mainstream, orthodox, and heterodox economics," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(2), pages 279-302.
    11. Faik Bilgili, 2016. "City Price Convergence in Turkey with Structural Breaks," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(3), pages 933-941.
    12. Bilgili, Faik, 2012. "The impact of biomass consumption on CO2 emissions: Cointegration analyses with regime shifts," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 5349-5354.
    13. Bilgili, Faik, 2015. "Business cycle co-movements between renewables consumption and industrial production: A continuous wavelet coherence approach," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 325-332.
    14. Bilgili, Faik, 1998. "The effects of tax-cuts and government bonds on aggregate demand," MPRA Paper 75606, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Bilgili, Faik, 2001. "The Keynesian-Monetarist Debate on Business Cycles: A Case Study of The Great Depression," MPRA Paper 75539, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Dequech, David, 2009. "Institutions, social norms, and decision-theoretic norms," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 70-78, October.
    17. Bilgili, Faik & Bilgili, Emine, 1998. "Bütçe açığının cari işlemler üzerindeki etkileri: Teori ve uygulama
      [The effects of budget deficit on current account balance: Theory and empirical evidence]
      ," MPRA Paper 80866, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Pesaran, H. Hashem & Shin, Yongcheol, 1998. "Generalized impulse response analysis in linear multivariate models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 17-29, January.
    19. Bilgili, Faik, 2003. "Dynamic implications of fiscal policy: Crowding-out or crowding-in?," MPRA Paper 24111, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Dec 2009.
    20. David Dequech, 2011. "Financial conventions in Keynes's theory: the stock exchange," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(3), pages 469-490, April.
    21. Bilgili, Faik, 1993. "Arz iktisadı yaklaşımında nisbi fiyatların etkisi ve Keynezyen sisteme getirilen eleştiriler
      [The impact of relative prices in Supply-Side economics and the criticism of Keynesian system]
      ," MPRA Paper 76002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    New classical approach; Keynesian approach; income distribution; Lorenz curve; measurement of inequality of incomes; Gini coefficient; alternative Gini coefficient; Turkish economy;

    JEL classification:

    • B21 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Microeconomics
    • B22 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Macroeconomics
    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology
    • B52 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary
    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • C82 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data; Data Access
    • C83 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Survey Methods; Sampling Methods
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D33 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Factor Income Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E13 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Neoclassical
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General

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