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Is the world economy more integrated today than a century ago?

  • Mark Wheeler
  • Susan Pozo

This paper evaluates whether economies have become more internationalized: the integration hypothesis. Unlike previous studies, the current study addresses the integration hypothesis by analyzing the impact on the U.S. of economic shocks from the rest of the world. This analysis includes data beginning in the 1870s. Most previous studies have examined only the post-World War II period. Variance decompositions derived from vector autoregressive models indicate that the U.S. economy has become more vulnerable to international events over time, suggesting that the world economy is more integrated today than a century ago. Copyright International Atlantic Economic Society 1997

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Article provided by International Atlantic Economic Society in its journal Atlantic Economic Journal.

Volume (Year): 25 (1997)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 139-154

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Handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:25:y:1997:i:2:p:139-154
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  1. Canova, Fabio & Dellas, Harris, 1993. "Trade interdependence and the international business cycle," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1-2), pages 23-47, February.
  2. Ahmed, Shaghil & Ickes, Barry W. & Ping Wang & Byung Sam Yoo, 1993. "International Business Cycles," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 335-59, June.
  3. Hutchison, Michael & Walsh, Carl E., 1992. "Empirical evidence on the insulation properties of fixed and flexible exchange rates : The Japanese experience," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3-4), pages 241-263, May.
  4. Hafer, R W & Sheehan, Richard G, 1991. "Policy Inference Using VAR Models," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 29(1), pages 44-52, January.
  5. Ohanian, Lee E., 1988. "The spurious effects of unit roots on vector autoregressions : A Monte Carlo study," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 251-266, November.
  6. Chow, Gregory C & Lin, An-loh, 1971. "Best Linear Unbiased Interpolation, Distribution, and Extrapolation of Time Series by Related Series," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 53(4), pages 372-75, November.
  7. Christopher A. Sims, 1982. "Policy Analysis with Econometric Models," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 13(1), pages 107-164.
  8. Burdekin, Richard C. K., 1989. "International transmission of US macroeconomic policy and the inflation record of Western Europe," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 401-423, September.
  9. Ben S. Bernanke, 1986. "Alternative Explanations of the Money-Income Correlation," NBER Working Papers 1842, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Engle, Robert F. & Yoo, Byung Sam, 1987. "Forecasting and testing in co-integrated systems," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 143-159, May.
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