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Unionised labour market, environment and endogenous growth

Author

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  • Bhattacharyya, Chandril
  • Gupta, Manash Ranjan

Abstract

In this paper, a model of endogenous economic growth is developed with special focus on the interaction between unionized labour market and environmental pollution. We introduce a trade union; and use both ‘Efficient Bargaining’ model and ‘Right to Manage’ model to solve the negotiation problem. Environmental pollution is the result of production; and the labour union bargains not only for wage and employment but also for the protection of environment. We derive properties of optimum income tax policy while financing abatement expenditure; and also analyse the effects of unionization on the level of employment and on growth rate. It appears that the optimum rate of income tax varies inversely with the relative bargaining power of the labour union. An increase in the relative bargaining power of the labour union may enhance employment in ‘Efficient Bargaining’ model if the labour union is highly employment oriented. However, the union always forces the firm to raise the spending rate for environment protection. So, unionisation may raise the growth rate, even if the first effect is negative, but the second effect dominates the first effect.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhattacharyya, Chandril & Gupta, Manash Ranjan, 2014. "Unionised labour market, environment and endogenous growth," MPRA Paper 55416, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:55416
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/55416/1/MPRA_paper_55416.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gupta, Manash Ranjan & Barman, Trishita Ray, 2010. "Health, infrastructure, environment and endogenous growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 657-673, June.
    2. Ramos Parreno, Jose Maria & Sanchez-Losada, Fernando, 2002. "The role of unions in an endogenous growth model with human capital," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 171-192, June.
    3. Dr. Muhammad Tariq Khan & Dr. Naseer Ahme d Khan & Tashfeen Muhammad Hamaaduddin Khan & Waleed Ahmed Khan, 2012. "Labor Unions Role For Environmental Protection- By Exerting Efforts For Legislation And Alliance Making With Environmental Activists," Far East Journal of Psychology and Business, Far East Research Centre, vol. 8(4), pages 43-57, July.
    4. Peter G. Gahan, 2002. "(What) do unions maximise? Evidence from survey data," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 26(3), pages 279-297, May.
    5. Palokangas, Tapio, 1996. "Endogenous growth and collective bargaining," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 925-944, May.
    6. Trishita Ray Barman & Manash Ranjan Gupta, 2010. "Public Expenditure, Environment, and Economic Growth," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 12(6), pages 1109-1134, December.
    7. Gupta, Manash Ranjan & Barman, Trishita Ray, 2009. "Fiscal policies, environmental pollution and economic growth," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 1018-1028, September.
    8. McDonald, Ian M & Solow, Robert M, 1981. "Wage Bargaining and Employment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(5), pages 896-908, December.
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    11. Alfred Greiner, 2005. "Fiscal Policy In An Endogenous Growth Model With Public Capital And Pollution," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 56(1), pages 67-84, March.
    12. Muhammad Tariq Khan, 2010. "Role Of Labor Unions Beyond Collective Bargaining," Far East Journal of Psychology and Business, Far East Research Centre, vol. 1(5), pages 78-90, December.
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    15. Lingens, Jorg, 2003. "The impact of a unionised labour market in a Schumpeterian growth model," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 91-104, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labour union; Environment; Income tax; Abatement expenditure; Endogenous growth;

    JEL classification:

    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • O44 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Environment and Growth
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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