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Trade Openness, Conflict Risk and Income Inequality

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  • Oloufade, Djoulassi K.

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of trade openness on income inequality, and shows how this effect is shaped by the presence of conflicts. I argue that income-generating activities controlled by the rich expand during conflicts, whereas those controlled by the poor contract. I find that trade openness leads to greater income inequality in countries where the risk of conflicts is high. Moreover, income inequality is directly affected by conflicts, and is higher in more ethnically diverse countries and lower under democratic regimes. The econometric analysis suggests that these effects are robust to a wide range of economic and institutional factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Oloufade, Djoulassi K., 2012. "Trade Openness, Conflict Risk and Income Inequality," MPRA Paper 40702, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Feb 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40702
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade Openness; Conflict Risk; Income Inequality; Institutional Quality; Military in Politics.;

    JEL classification:

    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
    • P4 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems

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