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Causes and consequences of civil strife: micro-level evidence from Uganda


  • Klaus Deininger


To bridge the gap between case studies and highly aggregate cross-country analyses of civil unrest, we use data from Uganda to explore determinants of civil strife (as contrasted to theft and physical violence) at the community level, as well as the potentially differential impact of these variables on investment and non-agricultural enterprise formation at the household level. We find that distance from infrastructure (a proxy for scarcity of economic opportunities and government investment), asset inequality (social tension), presence of cash crops (expropriable wealth), and lower levels of human capital (ability to take advantage of opportunities in the 'regular' economy) all increase the propensity for civil strife. Furthermore, civil strife, in marked contrast to violence and theft, reduces investment and non-agricultural enterprise startups. Copyright 2003, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Klaus Deininger, 2003. "Causes and consequences of civil strife: micro-level evidence from Uganda," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 55(4), pages 579-606, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:oxecpp:v:55:y:2003:i:4:p:579-606

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    11. Marc Rockmore, 2017. "The Cost of Fear: The Welfare Effect of the Risk of Violence in Northern Uganda," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 31(3), pages 650-669.
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    13. Hvid Anna, 2015. "Increasing Natural Resource Rents from Farmland: A Curse or a Blessing for the Rural Poor?," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 21(1), pages 59-78, January.
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    17. Ana María Ibáñez & PabloQuerubin, 2004. "Acceso A Tierras Y Desplazamiento Forzado En Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 001940, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    18. Anand, P.B., 2005. "Getting Infrastructure Priorities Right in Post-Conflict Reconstruction," WIDER Working Paper Series 042, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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    20. Philip Verwimp, 2012. "Returning Home after Civil War: The Consequences of Forced Displacement for Food Security, Nutrition and Poverty among Burundese Households," Working Papers ECARES ECARES 2012-033, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    21. Maren M. Michaelsen, 2012. "Mental Health and Labour Supply – Evidence from Mexico‘s Ongoing Violent Conflicts," Ruhr Economic Papers 0378, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
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