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An empirical investigation of the relationship between inequality and growth

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  • Patrizio Pagano

    () (Bank of Italy, Economic Research Department)

Abstract

This paper studies the correlation between inequality, measured by the Gini coefficent of incomes, and the growth rate of per capita GDP in a panel of countries between the late 1950s and late 1990s. Inequality Granger causes growth with a negative coefficient, while growth Granger causes inequality with a positive sign. Quantitatively, the former effect appears much larger than the latter. Once I allow for the effect to differ between rich and poor countries interesting differences emerge. While lagged inequality appears positively correlated with growth in the subgroup of rich countries, in poor countries besides a negative and significant effect of lagged inequality on growth there is a negative and significant effect of lagged growth on inequality

Suggested Citation

  • Patrizio Pagano, 2004. "An empirical investigation of the relationship between inequality and growth," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 536, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_536_04
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    File URL: http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/temi-discussione/2004/2004-0536/tema_536.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. T. Tavor & L. D. Gonen & M. Weber & U. Spiegel, 2018. "The Effects of Income Levels and Income Inequalities on Happiness," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 19(7), pages 2115-2137, October.
    2. Roberto Dell'Anno & Adalgiso Amendola, 2015. "Social Exclusion and Economic Growth: An Empirical Investigation in European Economies," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 61(2), pages 274-301, June.
    3. Costanza Naguib, 2017. "The Relationship between Inequality and Growth: Evidence from New Data," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Springer;Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics, vol. 153(3), pages 183-225, July.
    4. Jorge Alberto Charles Coll, 2014. "Inequality and growth in the context of the Mexican economy: Does inequality matter for growth?," Working Papers 331, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    5. Vincent Leyaro, 2015. "Threshold and interaction effects in the trade, growth, and inequality relationship," WIDER Working Paper Series 009, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    6. Vincent Leyaro, 2015. "Threshold and interaction effects in the trade, growth, and inequality relationship," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2015-009, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    growth; inequality; panel; GMM; Granger causality;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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