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Massively parallel computation using graphics processors with application to optimal experimentation in dynamic control

  • Morozov, Sergei
  • Mathur, Sudhanshu
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    The rapid growth in the performance of graphics hardware, coupled with recent improvements in its programmability has lead to its adoption in many non-graphics applications, including a wide variety of scientific computing fields. At the same time, a number of important dynamic optimal policy problems in economics are athirst of computing power to help overcome dual curses of complexity and dimensionality. We investigate if computational economics may benefit from new tools on a case study of imperfect information dynamic programming problem with learning and experimentation trade-off, that is, a choice between controlling the policy target and learning system parameters. Specifically, we use a model of active learning and control of a linear autoregression with the unknown slope that appeared in a variety of macroeconomic policy and other contexts. The endogeneity of posterior beliefs makes the problem difficult in that the value function need not be convex and the policy function need not be continuous. This complication makes the problem a suitable target for massively-parallel computation using graphics processors (GPUs). Our findings are cautiously optimistic in that new tools let us easily achieve a factor of 15 performance gain relative to an implementation targeting single-core processors. Further gains up to a factor of 26 are also achievable but lie behind a learning and experimentation barrier of their own. Drawing upon experience with CUDA programming architecture and GPUs provides general lessons on how to best exploit future trends in parallel computation in economics.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/30298/1/MPRA_paper_30298.pdf
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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 30298.

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    Date of creation: 10 Aug 2009
    Date of revision: 04 Apr 2011
    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:30298
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    1. Eric M. Aldrich & Jesús Fernández-Villaverde & A. Ronald Gallant & Juan F. Rubio-Ramírez, 2010. "Tapping the Supercomputer Under Your Desk: Solving Dynamic Equilibrium Models with Graphics Processors," NBER Working Papers 15909, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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