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The Determinants of Participation in Adult Education and Training in Canada

  • Hui, Taylor Shek-wai
  • Smith, Jeffrey A.

This paper examines the determinants of participation in, and the amount of time spent on, public and private adult education and training in Canada. Using the master file data from the 1998 Adult Education and Training Survey, we estimate probit models of adult education and training (hereafter just “training”) incidence and hurdle models of total time spent in training. Consistent with the literature, we find that relatively advantaged workers, such as those who have completed high school, are working full time, and work at large firms, acquire more training, often with financial help from their employers. Direct government-sponsored training represents a relative minor component of total training, and is not well targeted to the disadvantaged. This is both surprising and problematic, as the primary justification for government-financed training is to overcome credit constraints among the low skilled and the secondary justification is redistribution. We find large differences among provinces in the incidence of training; this variation appears to result from differences in provincial policies related to training.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/17998/1/MPRA_paper_17998.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17998.

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Date of creation: 15 Nov 2002
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17998
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  1. Jacob Mincer, 1988. "Job Training, Wage Growth, and Labor Turnover," NBER Working Papers 2690, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Barron, John M & Black, Dan A & Loewenstein, Mark A, 1987. "Employer Size: The Implications for Search, Training, Capital Investment, Starting Wages, and Wage Growth," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(1), pages 76-89, January.
  3. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  4. Hashimoto, Masanori, 1981. "Firm-Specific Human Capital as a Shared Investment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 475-82, June.
  5. Wayne Simpson, 1984. "An Econometric Analysis of Industrial Training in Canada," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 19(4), pages 435-451.
  6. Greenhalgh, Christine & Stewart, Mark, 1982. "The effects and Determinants of Training," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 213, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  7. James J. Heckman & Jeffrey A. Smith, 1999. "The Pre-Program Earnings Dip and the Determinants of Participation in a Social Program: Implications for Simple Program Evaluation Strategies," NBER Working Papers 6983, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. John M. Barron & Dan A. Black & Mark A. Loewenstein, 1993. "Gender Differences in Training, Capital, and Wages," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(2), pages 343-364.
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