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Determinantes de la Violencia entre Parejas (VEP) hacia la mujer en los hogares en la República Dominicana: un perfil basado en el Enfoque Ecológico de la Violencia (EEV)
[Determinants of Intimate Partner Violence (VEP) towards women in homes in the Dominican Republic: a profile based on the Ecological Approach to Violence (EEV)]

Author

Listed:
  • Rodríguez Núñez, Juan Bautista
  • Taveras Velez, Hamilton

Abstract

In this investigation, a verification list (“checklist”) of characteristics is constructed that allows to outline in a differentiated way the manifestation of the different forms of Violence Between Couples (VEP) in the home (Psychological, Economic, Physical and Sexual) that flourishes at the woman To do this, based on the Ecological Approach to Violence (EEV) which establishes that the VEP should be analyzed based on individual, home and societal factors, a series of probabilistic models were estimated. Given the high dimensionality of the phenomenon analyzed, it was necessary to use the LASSO estimator, which could make a selection of variables and with this build the "checklist". Then, with these variables, the Relative Dominance Index (RDI) was built, which allows designing a ranking based on the contribution that each variable contributes to the total variance, by type of VEP. The results suggest that the variables that contribute the most are: the experience of having suffered violence during adolescence by the affected woman and her spouse (intergenerational violence or vertical transmission); the level of violence in the community setting (community contamination effect or horizontal transmission); and other associated variables, such as the frequency of marriage and unions of the woman, lack of access to education in the spouse, the age difference, among others. Finally, using "Machine Learning" strategies for "Oversampling", the probability scores of suffering VEP by type of Violence were estimated, based on the selection of variables produced by the LASSO estimator.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodríguez Núñez, Juan Bautista & Taveras Velez, Hamilton, 2020. "Determinantes de la Violencia entre Parejas (VEP) hacia la mujer en los hogares en la República Dominicana: un perfil basado en el Enfoque Ecológico de la Violencia (EEV) [Determinants of Intimate ," MPRA Paper 115643, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 06 Jun 2020.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:115643
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Violencia entre parejas (VEP); violencia contra la mujer (VCM); Enfoque Ecológico de la Violencia; Modelos Probabilísticos; “Machine Learning”; Estimador LASSO; Índice de Dominancia Relativa; Técnica de “SMOTE Oversampling”; Probit; IV Regression;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C01 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Econometrics
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • C26 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • C36 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure

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